February 17, 2011

[caption id="attachment_11043" align="alignleft" width="290" caption="Image courtesy of the Rick Hanson Foundation."]Image courtesy of Rick Hanson Foundation. BUY KAMAGRA JELLY NO PRESCRIPTION, [/caption]

1985 saw Rick Hanson's epic around-the-world Man in Motion tour begin from Oakridge Mall. It also marked the opening of  of Skytrain Expo Line and the Lonsdale Quay Market.

Compiled by John Calimente (with permission from the late Chuck Davis)
Photos compiled by Erick Villagomez

Tears Are Not Enough Recorded

Bryan Adams, song-writing partner Jim Vallance and producer David Foster co-wrote Tears Are Not Enough, Buy KAMAGRA JELLY online no prescription, an all-star recording that raised funds in Canada's aid for Ethiopia campaign. It was recorded on February 15 in Toronto. For Bruce Allen’s role in the recording, and for its effect, see this site.

Rick Hansen Begins Man in Motion World Tour

Rick Hansen, paralyzed as the result of a vehicular accident, left to the cheers of a crowd at Oakridge Mall in Vancouver to begin his around-the-world Man in Motion tour by wheelchair, BUY KAMAGRA JELLY NO PRESCRIPTION. Rick’s target: 24,901.55 miles, equal to the circumference of the world.

Rick had been grievously injured in June of 1973 when a truck he’d hitched a ride on overturned. He was a paraplegic at 15, a kid with, purchase KAMAGRA JELLY for sale, in his own words, “three obsessions: fishing, hunting—and sports. Always sports. If you could throw it, Buy KAMAGRA JELLY online cod, hit it, bounce it, chase it or run with it, I wanted to play it. BUY KAMAGRA JELLY NO PRESCRIPTION, And usually I could do it pretty well.” A long, painful (and sometimes angry and self-pitying) stretch of rehab followed, then Rick got into wheelchair sports. He was mentored by Stan Stronge, to whom he pays special respect in his autobiography—written with Jim Taylor, it’s a splendid book, KAMAGRA JELLY no rx. And then he met Terry Fox. Terry’s heroic 1980 Marathon of Hope—and the millions it raised for cancer research—inspired Rick.

Rick’s journey ended successfully May 22, 1987 to the cheers of thousands at Oakridge, where it had started 26 months earlier. Today, Fast shipping KAMAGRA JELLY, the Rick Hansen Foundation has funneled $158 million into research on spinal cord injury.

Steve Fonyo Completes Cross-Canada Walk

On May 27, more than 20,000 people greeted Steve Fonyo for a nationally televised event at B.C. Place Stadium, BUY KAMAGRA JELLY NO PRESCRIPTION. Fonyo was very near the end of his cross-Canada walk, a trek inspired by Terry Fox. He paused at Terry Fox Plaza to place a single white rose beside the memorial arch before walking into the stadium and crossing a giant map of Canada. Just after midnight he was on a Canadian navy ship bound for Victoria and the May 29 finish at newly-named Fonyo Beach where, order KAMAGRA JELLY online c.o.d, at 4:15 in a pelting rain, he poured into the Pacific Ocean the water he had collected from the Atlantic 14 months earlier. He wore out six artificial legs and 17 pairs of running shoes on his long journey.

Air India Bombing

Canada's worst case of mass murder occurred as a bomb hidden in a suitcase aboard Air India Flight 182 exploded in the plane’s forward cargo hold as it approached the coast of Ireland on June 23. BUY KAMAGRA JELLY NO PRESCRIPTION, The 747, which had left Vancouver International Airport a few hours before, was 31,000 feet above the Atlantic—just 45 minutes from landing at London’s Heathrow Airport. Some passengers survived the fall, but drowned in the frigid waters. KAMAGRA JELLY brand name, Everyone on board—329 people, including 82 children—was killed. Many of the people aboard were Canadian citizens of East Indian descent, and intending to fly on to Bombay or Delhi. Province reporter Salim Jiwa would write extensively on Flight 182, and has a website that contains the text of the book he wrote about it.

[caption id="attachment_11045" align="alignright" width="231" caption="Cover of the Fall 1985 Vancouver Regional Rapid Transit Quarterly magazine."]Cover of the Fall 1985 Vancouver Regional Rapid Transit Quarterly magazine.[/caption]

SkyTrain Opens

The SkyTrain rapid-transit system, running from Vancouver to New Westminster, no prescription KAMAGRA JELLY online, began service on December 11, following the same route through Burnaby as the old interurban tramline. “Kyla Daman-Willems,” the Province’s Don Hauka wrote, “gets to ride on SkyTrain all day long, BUY KAMAGRA JELLY NO PRESCRIPTION. And best of all, she gets paid for it.” As one of the line's 81 attendants Kyla was enthusiastic. “It's very exciting to be involved in something from the time it was on paper to when it goes into operation . Buy cheap KAMAGRA JELLY, . . BUY KAMAGRA JELLY NO PRESCRIPTION, I just can't wait to see what happens. Everyone's dying to see it carry passengers and do what it was designed to do.” The wonderful Going to Town 30 min documentary about 1985 Skytrain project can be found here.

Also in 1985


The flame at the Stanley Park war memorial commemorating the Japanese-Canadian contribution during the First World War was re-lit on August 2. It had been extinguished since December 8, 1941. During the First World War, 196 Japanese-Canadians volunteered to fight for Canada, order KAMAGRA JELLY from United States pharmacy. At Vimy Ridge (fought over four days in April, 1917) one of them, Sergeant Masumi Mitsui of Port Coquitlam, led his troop into battle with such distinction that he was awarded the Military Medal for Bravery. Of those 196 volunteers, 145 were killed or wounded.

That remarkable Japanese-Canadian contribution was honored by the construction in 1925 in Stanley Park of a striking monument, surrounded by cherry trees, with an electric flame that was to burn forever, BUY KAMAGRA JELLY NO PRESCRIPTION. But the flame was switched off shortly after Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor. Taking KAMAGRA JELLY, It would stay off for more than 40 years. On August 2, 1985 Sgt. Mitsui, now 98, one of two surviving Japanese-Canadian soldiers who had served Canada so bravely, was brought in to turn the light on again, KAMAGRA JELLY trusted pharmacy reviews. BUY KAMAGRA JELLY NO PRESCRIPTION, Mr. Mitsui died in 1987, five months short of his 100th birthday, and one year before Ottawa issued an official apology to Japanese-Canadians for the injustices done them during the Second World War.

Maillardville Shopping Centre in Coquitlam was destroyed by fire on March 27th.

David Strangway became the president of UBC. He would hold that post until 1997. Strangway’s tenure at UBC will be marked by success in fund raising, KAMAGRA JELLY pictures, sparking a leap forward for UBC in advanced studies and world-level research.

Former Surrey mayor and MLA Bill Vander Zalm and his wife Lillian began construction of Fantasy Gardens in Richmond.

The Lonsdale Quay Market was developed to help revitalize the Lower Lonsdale area of North Vancouver. “The glazed and galleried interior,” wrote architectural historian Harold Kalman, “recalls nineteenth-century iron-and-glass industrial architecture.”

Construction began on the New Westminster Quay.

The last False Creek mill on Granville Island, a vestige of the island’s industrial past, shuts down.

Lynn Headwaters Regional Park was created, making 4, buy KAMAGRA JELLY from canada,685 hectares of watershed suddenly accessible to hikers. The rugged wilderness park offers forty kilometres of marked and back country trails in North Vancouver's back yard.

The 23-kilometre-long B.C, BUY KAMAGRA JELLY NO PRESCRIPTION. Parkway began linking about 30 parks, paralleling the SkyTrain route between downtown Vancouver and New Westminster.

A small company called TheatreSpace (led by artistic director Joanna Maratta) produced the first annual Vancouver Fringe Festival, described as “a non-juried performing arts smorgasbord that provides venue, technical support and publicity so that anyone who wants to put on a show can.” The Vancouver International Fringe Festival has now become BC’s largest theatre festival.


Thomas Moore Whaun, Doses KAMAGRA JELLY work, political activist, died at 91 on March 5. He was one of the first Asian residents of West Vancouver, and the second Chinese-Canadian graduate of UBC (BA, 1927). He worked in the newspaper industry as advertising manager for Canada Morning News and New Republic Daily, two of Vancouver's Chinese newspapers, comprar en línea KAMAGRA JELLY, comprar KAMAGRA JELLY baratos. He was known for his nationwide letter-writing protest against the Chinese Exclusion Act.

One of the most remarkable men in our local history, Dr. Gordon Shrum BUY KAMAGRA JELLY NO PRESCRIPTION, , teacher, SFU chancellor, builder, executive, died in Vancouver on June 20, aged 89. As the first chancellor of Simon Fraser University (1962 to 1968), he pushed through its construction in 18 months. Forced to retire when he reached age 65, Where can i cheapest KAMAGRA JELLY online, he chaired the B.C. Energy Board under W.A.C. Bennett. Shrum oversaw projects such as the Vancouver Museum/Planetarium complex, the courthouse, and waterfront convention centre, BUY KAMAGRA JELLY NO PRESCRIPTION. He was awarded the OBE in 1946, was inducted into the Order of Canada in 1967.”

Blanche Macdonald (née Brillon), modeling agency executive and First Nations activist, died in Vancouver, KAMAGRA JELLY use, aged 54. “She was born,” writes Constance Brissenden, “May 11, 1931 in Faust, Buy KAMAGRA JELLY without a prescription, Alberta. Her First Nations and French ancestry was a source of pride. She championed Native causes and feminist ideals. BUY KAMAGRA JELLY NO PRESCRIPTION, A housewife and mother of two, she opened a modelling agency and self-improvement school in 1960, later expanded into fashion, esthetics and make-up artistry training. As CEO, Native Communications Society of B.C., she launched a journalism program for Native students. She was a founding member of Vancouver's First Woman's Network; board member, KAMAGRA JELLY from canadian pharmacy, Better Business Bureau, Modelling Association of America, Professional Native Woman's Association and Vancouver Indian Centre. In 1985 she received the YWCA Woman of Distinction Award for Business and the Professions. A dynamic and inspiring woman.”

Nan Cheney, KAMAGRA JELLY pharmacy, portrait painter and the first UBC medical artist, died at 88. Anna Gertrude Lawson Cheney was born June 22, 1897 in Windsor, Nova Scotia, BUY KAMAGRA JELLY NO PRESCRIPTION. She enjoyed a close relationship with Emily Carr in the period before Carr's work gained fame. Read Dear Nan, Letters of Emily Carr, Nan Cheney and Humphrey Toms, edited by Doreen Walker, australia, uk, us, usa. And see this site, which has a fine short biography.


Weldwood of Canada closed its sawmill in South Westminster on June 1. A shortage of Douglas fir logs led the company to consolidate its operations in Squamish.

Atlantis Submarines of Vancouver became the first company in the world to design, build and operate passenger-carrying submarines. BUY KAMAGRA JELLY NO PRESCRIPTION, Vessels built by Atlantis will carry tourists on dives at locations around the world, including Grand Cayman, Barbados, St. Thomas, KAMAGRA JELLY samples, Aruba, Hawaii, Guam and the Bahamas. The Atlantis is a free-swimming, self-propelled submersible capable of operating at a depth of 150 feet.

John Bishop started his now-famous restaurant at 2183 West 4th. He opened it in the middle of a recession, but it didn’t seem to matter: people came anyway, KAMAGRA JELLY maximum dosage. “We let the ingredients tell us what to cook,” Shrewsbury-born Bishop said. The restaurant celebrated its 25th anniversary this December.

Bonnie Irving took over as editor at BC Business, BUY KAMAGRA JELLY NO PRESCRIPTION. The monthly magazine had been launched in 1972 by Joe Martin of Agency Press. She would be editor for an astonishing 19 years, possibly the longest tenure of any general-interest editor in the lower mainland. KAMAGRA JELLY coupon, When she took over, she once said, the magazine was “remarkably dull and boring, with an emphasis on guys in suits standing next to their big corporate widgets.”


The Vancouver Whitecaps soccer team declares bankruptcy in January. Attempts began quickly to form a new team. It would be born the following year as the 86ers.

North Vancouver’s Linda Moore BUY KAMAGRA JELLY NO PRESCRIPTION, skipped her team to the world women’s curling championship in Jonkoping, Sweden, on March 22. They became the first B.C. women’s rink to accomplish that feat.

Vancouver middleweight Michael Olajide, KAMAGRA JELLY without prescription, Jr. won the Canadian middleweight boxing title at the PNE Agrodome with a ninth-round TKO over Winnipeg’s Wayne Caplette in April.

The Vancouver Canadians won baseball’s Pacific Coast League title on September 10, the first for the city after 20 years of trying.

In a terrific sports year marked by many national titles won by local athletes, the biggest prize of all was gained when the B.C. Lions won the 1985 Grey Cup, KAMAGRA JELLY from mexico, defeating Hamilton TiCats 37-24 at Olympic Stadium in Montreal on November 27. The street in front of the football club's Whalley headquarters was renamed Lions Way.

[caption id="attachment_11046" align="alignleft" width="300" caption="Heritage Hall on Main Street, Vancouver, BUY KAMAGRA JELLY NO PRESCRIPTION. Photo courtesy of Wikipedia."]Heritage Hall on Main Street, Vancouver. Photo courtesy of Wikipedia.[/caption]


Heritage Hall opened in September at 3102 Main Street in Vancouver. Charles Keast, the first president of what was then the Greater Vancouver Information and Referral Service, had led an initiative to have the City of Vancouver buy the old Mt, where can i find KAMAGRA JELLY online. Pleasant Post Office from the federal government, and turn it into Heritage Hall, a permanent home for five community service agencies, including Information Services Vancouver, the Junior League and others.

Trinity Western College became a university. BUY KAMAGRA JELLY NO PRESCRIPTION, The only private university in B.C. KAMAGRA JELLY without a prescription, at the time, it stressed leadership, excellence and Christian ethics.

The funky old Orillia apartment block, built at Robson and Seymour Streets in Vancouver in 1903, was demolished.


The first of Vancouver's three Cambie Street bridges, a two-laner built in 1891, cost $12, buying KAMAGRA JELLY online over the counter,000. The second, with four lanes, opened in 1912 and named for the Duke of Connaught, Governor General at the time, Kjøpe KAMAGRA JELLY på nett, köpa KAMAGRA JELLY online, cost $740,000. The third and present six-lane bridge, which opened on December 9, cost $50 million. Mayor Mike Harcourt officiated at this opening, with a very special guest of honor on hand, online buying KAMAGRA JELLY. She was Isabelle Duff-Stuart, who as a child had presented flowers to the Duchess of Connaught at the opening of the preceding bridge 73 years earlier.


Sydney J, BUY KAMAGRA JELLY NO PRESCRIPTION. Risk, theatre pioneer, died in Vancouver on September 5, aged 77. In 1946, KAMAGRA JELLY used for, he founded Vancouver's Everyman Theatre, the first professional company in Western Canada, and toured Canadian plays from B.C. to Manitoba until 1953. He was founder in 1952 of Holiday Theatre for children. BUY KAMAGRA JELLY NO PRESCRIPTION, The Sydney J. Risk Foundation, established in his honor, KAMAGRA JELLY class, offers annual awards for acting, directing and playwriting.

To mark Orpheum Theatre manager Ivan Ackery’s 86th birthday, the lane behind the theatre was titled Ackery Alley as a tribute to the master showman.

There was a sharp upswing this year in local TV and movie production. Total production budgets this year were $150 million, and then they started to climb. About KAMAGRA JELLY, And climb. And climb. See this site.

Movies made locally or with a local connection this year included Rocky IV, My American Cousin, Year of the Dragon, and The Journey of Natty Gann.

Books published in 1985 on local issues included:

Vancouver Fiction, an anthology edited by David Watmough, described as “an outstanding centennial collection by Vancouver's world-class writers.” Authors included Jane Rule, Keath Fraser, Audrey Thomas, D.M, BUY KAMAGRA JELLY NO PRESCRIPTION. Fraser, Keith Mallard and Beverley Simons.

The Chinese Connection, by Michael Goldberg. It featured interviews with 80 Chinese real estate investors and their related Pacific Rim advisors.

This is my own: letters to Wes & other writings on Japanese Canadians, 1941-1948 by Muriel Kitagawa. Roy Miki, ed.

Working Lives Vancouver 1886-1986, by The Working Lives Collective.


The late Chuck Davis was a Vancouver writer who wrote, co-wrote, and/or edited 15 books. Most of them are on local history, and he described his yet-to-be released book, The History of Metropolitan Vancouver, as the capstone of his career. Chuck’s passion for history was contagious and all the information he gathered and wrote about is the priceless gift he has left the citizens of Vancouver.

John Calimente is the president of Rail Integrated Developments. He supports great public transit, cycling, walking, transit integrated developments + non-automobile urban life.

Erick Villagomez is one of the founding editors at re:place. He is also an educator, independent researcher and designer with academic and professional interests in the human settlements at all scales. His private practice - Metis Design|Build - is an innovative practice dedicated to a collaborative and ecologically responsible approach to the design and construction of places.




January 20, 2011

BUY NASONEX NO PRESCRIPTION, [caption id="attachment_10802" align="alignleft" width="290" caption="Pope John Paul II in Vancouver. Photo courtesy of Joe Marquette"]yin5_1984_pope_headline[/caption]

This year saw the well-received arrival of Pope John Paul II - his first visit to Canada as well as the debut of the Jackson Five at BC Place. It's also the year Bill Reid's renowned Chief of the Undersea World sculpture was unveiled in front of of the Vancouver Aquarium.

Compiled by John Calimente (with permission from the late Chuck Davis)
Photos compiled by Erick Villagomez

Steve Fonyo begins run across Canada

Steve Fonyo, inspired by Terry Fox, Order NASONEX online overnight delivery no prescription, began to run across Canada on March 31. Fonyo was a 19-year-old Vernon kid who'd lost his leg to cancer at age 12. He dipped his artificial leg into the Atlantic Ocean at St, BUY NASONEX NO PRESCRIPTION. John's, Newfoundland, then faced west. The journey would take him 14 months, japan, craiglist, ebay, overseas, paypal. It would end May 31, 1985 at the Pacific Ocean in Victoria. He completed 7,924 kilometres, NASONEX from canadian pharmacy, crossed ten provinces and raised almost $9 million for cancer research, education and patient services, including $1 million pledged by the federal government. BUY NASONEX NO PRESCRIPTION, (More millions were to follow.) On the way he wore out six artificial legs and 17 pairs of running shoes.

"Shame the Johns" campaign in the West End

A "Shame the Johns" operation began in Vancouver on May 25 in an attempt to drive prostitutes' clients from the West End. Most of the angry residents' attention, however, NASONEX price, coupon, was directed against the prostitutes themselves: picketing and verbally harassing them. The women did leave, but simply moved to other neighborhoods: Mount Pleasant, Strathcona, NASONEX from mexico, Kensington-Cedar Cottage and Grandview-Woodlands.

A month later, on June 20, Christ Church Cathedral was occupied by 12 members of ASP, the Alliance for the Safety of Prostitutes. The attorney general had obtained a Supreme Court injunction prohibiting soliciting west of Granville Street, and this demonstration was in protest of that move, BUY NASONEX NO PRESCRIPTION. (Residents of the West End had complained of prostitutes patrolling the Georgia Street sidewalk adjacent to the Cathedral.)"

Pope visits BC

Pope John Paul II visited British Columbia on September 18, online NASONEX without a prescription. This was the first visit to Canada by a Pope and the crowd at Abbotsford was immense: Some 200,000 people came to see and hear the Pope, and he responded by praising British Columbians' struggle to achieve a "just society" between the mountains and the sea.

Later that evening, NASONEX forum, speaking to a capacity crowd at B.C. Place, the Pope, the Province reported, "hammered home the Catholic Church's stand against abortion and artificial birth-control." But, the paper continued, ordering NASONEX online, "They came to hear him speak, but they didn't agree with all he said."

Supreme Court sides with Musqueam

On November 1, the Supreme Court of Canada rendered a historically significant decision in the Guerin or Musqueam case. BUY NASONEX NO PRESCRIPTION, For the first time the highest court in Canada held that the Federal Government, namely the Department of Indian Affairs (DIA) and its agents, could be held legally responsible for any improprieties in their dealings with surrendered Indian lands when it is clearly demonstrated that they failed to act in the best interest of the Indian band, which amounted to an equitable fraud.

Signing of Declaration to return Hong Kong to China

T he signing of the Sino-British Joint Declaration on December 19 mandating the return of Hong Kong to China in 1997 began to cause a flow of Hong Kong capital into Vancouver. Purchase NASONEX for sale, Also in 1984


On March 28, a seven-week strike began at The Vancouver Sun and Province newspapers.

Michael Jackson and his brothers, an act called "The Jackson Five," performed the first of three shows at B.C. Place on November 16, where can i order NASONEX without prescription. It was the most successful entertainment event in Vancouver's history to that point, attracting more than 100,000 fans to B.C, BUY NASONEX NO PRESCRIPTION. Place, and grossing nearly $5 million, a new Vancouver entertainment record for a three-night stand. A big box on Page 1 of the Province read simply: He's Here. NASONEX australia, uk, us, usa, The Downtown Eastside Residents Association (DERA) established the DERA Co-Op at 638 Alexander Street. Jim Green, who had been hired by DERA as an organizer in 1980, says the Co-Op was "an outstanding example of community development. BUY NASONEX NO PRESCRIPTION, This Co-Op, in which 50 per cent of members do not speak English and 50 per cent are over 65, has never had staff. It is run entirely by its members, a powerful example of the abilities of low-income peoples." The Co-Op provided 56 completely wheelchair accessible units, NASONEX wiki.


James Sinclair, federal cabinet minister, died in West Vancouver on February 7, aged 75. NASONEX street price, He was born May 26, 1908 in Banff, Scotland. Writes Constance Brissenden, "In 1935 he was appointed assistant to education minister G.M. Weir, later beoming secretary to B.C, BUY NASONEX NO PRESCRIPTION. mines minister, discount NASONEX. At 31 Sinclair was elected a Liberal MP for Coast Capilano, later for Vancouver North (1940-58). He was fisheries minister in the St. Laurent government from 1952 to 1957. His daughter Margaret married Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau in 1970."

Bill Duthie BUY NASONEX NO PRESCRIPTION, , bookseller, died in Vancouver on April 6, two days before his 64th birthday. NASONEX used for, He was born in Weston, Ontario April 8, 1920. Alan Twigg, of BC Bookworld, wrote a tribute to him in the June, NASONEX online cod, 1984 issue of Quill & Quire. An excerpt: "Duthie joined the book trade in 1947 as a sales rep for Macmillan of Canada in rural Ontario and Quebec. He became the first full-time western book rep when in 1953 he offered his services first to Macmillan and then to McLelland and Stewart.

Once in Vancouver, according to his wife Macie, he decided he wanted to sell books to people who wanted them, rather than to reluctant stores, BUY NASONEX NO PRESCRIPTION. He opened the first Duthie Books on Robson Street [at the northwest corner of Hornby] in August of 1957, NASONEX from canada, taking care to locate his store near the Vancouver Public Library. He subsequently opened branches on West 10th, Seymour, Hastings, and in the Arbutus Village." It's not an exaggeration to say that Bill Duthie raised the level of book selling in the city. It was great to go into a store where the staff knew what the hell they were doing, NASONEX photos.

Lorraine McAllister, singer and actress, died in Vancouver on April 27, aged 62. BUY NASONEX NO PRESCRIPTION, She was a singing star of radio and TV in the 1950s, headlining CBC Toronto's Holiday Ranch and Vancouver's Burn's Chuckwagon, Some of Those Days and Meet Lorraine. Online buying NASONEX, She was a headline performer at Theatre Under the Stars, and performed in Johnny Holmes' orchestra with Oscar Peterson as pianist and Maynard Ferguson as lead trumpet player. The wife of bandleader Dal Richards, she sang with his orchestra at the Panorama Roof of the Hotel Vancouver from 1950 to 1965. "One of the glamorous performers whose warmth and charm make her a favorite."

Everett Crowley, Avalon Dairy founder and Collingwood neighborhood activist, NASONEX cost, died in Vancouver on November 25, aged 75. Writes Constance Brissenden: "He was born June 3, 1909 in Vancouver, NASONEX canada, mexico, india, part of a family of 12 that had come from Newfoundland's Avalon Peninsula in 1906. Their South Vancouver farm delivered milk by dog and wagon, and registered Avalon Dairy before 1915, BUY NASONEX NO PRESCRIPTION. He later served on the parks board (1961-67). Ev Crowley Park on S.E. Marine Drive is named for him (1985). Lee Crowley, his youngest son, online buy NASONEX without a prescription, now runs Avalon Dairy."

Diane Farris opened her first art gallery in Gastown. BUY NASONEX NO PRESCRIPTION, In the here-today-gone-tomorrow world of the private art gallery, Diane Farris' 22 years is astonishing. With an alert and discerning eye, she's launched the careers of many West Coast artists, like Attila Richard Lukacs, Buying NASONEX online over the counter, Chris Woods, Angela Grossmann and Graham Gillmore, and represents such luminaries as Dale Chihuly, Phil Borges, Judith Currelly and Gu Xiong.


34-acre Victory Memorial Park cemetery, buy cheap NASONEX no rx, a landmark with its big white cross in the South Surrey-White Rock area since the late 1950s, was acquired by The Loewen Group of Burnaby, which would eventually become the second-largest publicly-owned funeral corporation in North America.

Oakridge Shopping Centre, Purchase NASONEX online no prescription, which had opened in 1959, was being left behind as new malls opened throughout the region and shoppers ranged farther and farther afield. To regain its customers, Oakridge was extensively renovated this year.

Woodwards became the first major Vancouver department store to open on Sundays, BUY NASONEX NO PRESCRIPTION.

The Mandarin Hotel opened in downtown Vancouver on May 2, a $41 million structure owned by a Hong Kong chain, NASONEX pics. It's now the Metropolitan Hotel.

Official opening of the Granville Island Brewery, Canada's first microbrewery, was on June 28.

BC Telecom-a reorganization of BC Tel-was incorporated under that name on November 14. NASONEX long term, The company will merge with Telus in 1999. BUY NASONEX NO PRESCRIPTION, The Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada, an independent, non-profit organization headquartered in Vancouver, was established. Its mandate is to enhance awareness and understanding among the peoples of Canada and the Asia Pacific region.


This was the last season for a while for soccer's Vancouver Whitecaps, and for its parent organization, the North American Soccer League. When the NASL folded, rx free NASONEX, the Whitecaps-and other teams-also died. They would be revived in 1986 as the 86ers . , BUY NASONEX NO PRESCRIPTION. . and become the Whitecaps again in 2001. NASONEX use, At the Sarajevo Olympics, Lori Fung became Vancouver's first ever gold medalist in rhythmic gymnastics (in the first time that competition was an Olympic event), and UBC medical student Hugh Pisher teamed with Quebecker Alwyn Morris to win the two-man, 1000-metres kayak final.

Squire Barnes (born June 12, 1963 in Burnaby) emerged in the Vancouver sports media in June, NASONEX no prescription. BUY NASONEX NO PRESCRIPTION, In 1992 he will land at BCTV, and he's been there ever since. In 2004 he topped a Georgia Straight poll as best local sportscaster.


The Vancouver Pretrial Services Centre opened. It was a remand centre providing facilities for security (maximum), medium and open (minimum) housing for 150 inmates, Doses NASONEX work, with special provisions for 204 spaces. The centre is the City of Vancouver's only holding facility.

The Cambie Street Bridge was closed to traffic in November, while its new $50 million six-lane replacement-the third in that location-was being built, BUY NASONEX NO PRESCRIPTION. It would eventually open on December 9, 1985.


The Tymac No. 2, NASONEX coupon, a water taxi built in 1938, which in the 1940s and '50s ran passengers from the foot of Columbia Street to Britannia Mines and church camps and summer resorts around Howe Sound, became a False Creek ferry. It had a capacity of 24 passengers. BUY NASONEX NO PRESCRIPTION, Says maritime writer Rob Morris: "The teak (estimated to be 200 years old) used for the boat's doors, windows and trim was from the Canadian Pacific liner Empress of Japan."

Construction began on the Broadway SkyTrain station at Broadway and Commercial Drive. Buy NASONEX from canada, Architects were Allen Parker and Associates. The station will be finished in 1985.

[caption id="attachment_10801" align="alignright" width="225" caption="Chief of the Undersea World, by Bill Reid. Image courtesy of Wikipedia."]Chief of the Undersea World, by Bill Reid, <b>buy cheap NASONEX</b>.  Image courtesy of Wikipedia.[/caption]


Bryan Adams won four Juno Awards on December 5, BUY NASONEX NO PRESCRIPTION. Adams had become an international superstar with his album Cuts Like a Knife.

Bill Reid's magnificent bronze killer whale was unveiled in the presence of Lt. Gov. Robert Rogers at the entrance to the Vancouver Aquarium. BUY NASONEX NO PRESCRIPTION, Also in 1984, Reid unveiled Mythic Messengers, a bronze relief for Teleglobe Canada. Buy NASONEX without prescription, It was inspired, says art writer Elizabeth Godley, by a Haida ritual, "exchange of tongues", whereby power was transferred from one entity to another.

The Terry Fox Memorial was unveiled at the east end of Robson Street, at BC Place. The creator of the memorial was Idaho-born (1937) Franklin Allen. It must be said that most of the initial public reaction was very negative. For one thing, there was no representation of Fox, BUY NASONEX NO PRESCRIPTION. Architectural historian Harold Kalman called it a "curious caricature of a Roman triumphal arch." "Images etched onto reflective steel plates [created by Ian Bateson] were subsequently installed within the arch," said Kalman, "and public outrage eventually subsided." Allen's design was chosen by a nine-person jury that included architect Arthur Erickson. It was announced in 2010 that the Memorial will be taken down, to be replaced by one created by Douglas Coupland.

Books published in 1984 on local issues included:

The Automobile Saga of British Columbia 1864-1914 by G.W. Taylor. BUY NASONEX NO PRESCRIPTION, Much of the focus is on Victoria, but there are interesting stories and statistics about this side of the water, too, and many funky photographs.

Belfast-born (1947) Brian Kelly, an enthusiast of transit history, published Farewell to Brill, the story of Vancouver's trolley bus operations. Brill was a company that manufactured trolley buses

The book Above Tide: Reflections on Roderick Haig-Brown, describing and assessing the range of Roderick Haig-Brown's output, appeared. Its author was Vancouver reviewer Anthony Robertson.


The late Chuck Davis was a Vancouver writer who wrote, co-wrote, and/or edited 15 books. Most of them are on local history, and he described his yet-to-be released book, The History of Metropolitan Vancouver, as the capstone of his career, BUY NASONEX NO PRESCRIPTION. Chuck’s passion for history was contagious and all the information he gathered and wrote about is the priceless gift he has left the citizens of Vancouver.

John Calimente is the president of Rail Integrated Developments. He supports great public transit, cycling, and walking + transit integrated developments + urban life lived without a car.

Erick Villagomez is one of the founding editors at re:place. He is also an educator, independent researcher and designer with academic and professional interests in the human settlements at all scales. His private practice - Metis Design|Build - is an innovative practice dedicated to a collaborative and ecologically responsible approach to the design and construction of places.


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January 6, 2011

BUY TEMOVATE NO PRESCRIPTION, [caption id="attachment_10722" align="alignleft" width="290" caption="Vancouver Art Gallery. Photo courtesy of Wikipedia."]yin5_1983_artgallery[/caption]

The year 1983, saw the creation of the Province newspaper in tabloid format, the formation of the Green Party, the opening of the first Earl's Restaurant, and transformation of the Old Courthouse into the Vancouver Art Gallery, purchase TEMOVATE online no prescription.

Compiled by John Calimente (with permission from Chuck Davis)
Photos compiled by Erick Villagomez

B.C. Federation of Labour announces formation of Operation Solidarity

Operation Solidarity was formed on July 15. Following the defeat of the NDP government in 1975, Premier Bill Bennett's Social Credit government proposed laws that the Federation opposed. The bills would have cut social programs, doing away with the Rentalsman and Human Rights Commission and cutting the size of the provincial public service by 25 per cent, BUY TEMOVATE NO PRESCRIPTION. TEMOVATE description, The legislation fuelled the long held enmity the labour movement felt for Social Credit. Federation President Art Kube promised a province-wide general strike, including school teachers, public servants and all other trade and craft unions in Federation jurisdiction, if Bennett did not back down.

Province newspaper becomes a tabloid

The Province newspaper came out for the first time in a tabloid format on August 2, purchase TEMOVATE online. Prior to this time it had been what in newspaper circles is called a "broadsheet."The Vancouver Sun still is.

BUY TEMOVATE NO PRESCRIPTION, 40,000 workers at Solidarity rally

A Solidarity rally at Empire Stadium brought out more than 40,000 public and private sector workers on August 10 to protest the Social Credit government's restraint policy.

Nightclub owner Joe Phillipone murdered

Joe Philliponi (born Filippone), nightclub owner, was shot to death on September 18, Online TEMOVATE without a prescription, aged 70. His murder was linked to a robbery attempt. Some 800 people attended his funeral, a crowd described as including "Supreme Court justices, businessmen and dancers." Two men were convicted of the murder, Scott Ogilvie Forsyth and Sydney Vincent Morrisroe, TEMOVATE wiki. Born in southern Italy, Phillipone came to Vancouver in the early 1930s and started Eagle-Time Delivery Systems, later acquiring taxi cabs. In 1945 he opened The Penthouse dinner club at 1019 Seymour, presenting big names like Sammy Davis, Jr, BUY TEMOVATE NO PRESCRIPTION. and George Burns. TEMOVATE brand name, In 1975 the club was closed by the vice squad; in 1977, Philliponi was charged with living off prostitution but the conviction was quashed. His business licence was withdrawn but re-approved by city council in 1979.

Vancouver Art Gallery moves

The Vancouver Art Gallery moved into the old courthouse on October 15. BUY TEMOVATE NO PRESCRIPTION, After a hugely successful fund-raising campaign to "take the art gallery to court"-$8 million was raised, twice the intended target and more than any other arts organization had ever raised in the city-the new gallery now found itself in immensely larger and more attractive surroundings. This was also the year the gallery finally bought an Emily Carr painting. They had declined to earlier, where can i buy TEMOVATE online. "It wasn't art," arts reviewer Anthony Robertson wrote, "as they understood art." Today, the gallery boasts-rightly-that it holds the world's largest collection of paintings by Ms. TEMOVATE reviews, Carr.

BCGEU union members strike

The B.C, BUY TEMOVATE NO PRESCRIPTION. Government Employees Union contract expired, and the union's 35,000 members went on strike on October 31. They would be followed a week later by all but a few of the province's school teachers. More strikes were planned, buy cheap TEMOVATE. Operation Solidarity appeared to be working.

Red Hot Video stores firebombed BUY TEMOVATE NO PRESCRIPTION, Firebombs go off at three Red Hot Video outlets on November 22. A group calling itself the Wimmin's Fire Brigade claims responsibility. Five people (the "Squamish Five") will be arrested January 20, 1983 and, TEMOVATE forum, for this and other acts will be jailed for lengthy terms.

Also in 1983


At UBC a team at TRIUMF (the Tri-University Meson Facility) did their first scan with a PET tomograph or camera on February 24. They had been developing the chemistry and building the camera since 1980. PET stands for Positron Emission Tomography, BUY TEMOVATE NO PRESCRIPTION. Of the many definitions we found on the Net, we chose: an imaging technology that generates a computerized image of the body's functional systems and how the body is able to function in health and disease.

On April 20 there is a large demonstration at City Hall organized by ASP, the Alliance for the Safety of Prostitutes, TEMOVATE interactions.

In New Westminster, The Columbian, BC's oldest newspaper (established in 1861), published its last edition on November 15. Effects of TEMOVATE, Growing costs and non-growing revenues forced it into bankruptcy after 122 years. One of its writers, Douglas Todd, moved to The Vancouver Sun, where he became an award-winning writer on religion and ethics. BUY TEMOVATE NO PRESCRIPTION, A violent and costly riot erupted at the Lower Mainland Regional Correctional Centre (Oakalla) Rioters caused over $150,000 damage in a two-day spree starting November 22.

AIDS Vancouver was founded, TEMOVATE cost, one of the first AIDS service organizations in Canada. Although the disease wasn't confined to gay men, news items and articles on AIDS had appeared in The Body Politic, Canada's leading gay news magazine, Generic TEMOVATE, in September 1981.

Ballantyne Pier, a cargo terminal in Vancouver's east end, was temporarily put into service for cruise passengers while Canada Place was under construction. It has been in continuous service ever since as a convertible facility for pulp and paper products in the winter and cruise passengers in the summer.

The Green Party of British Columbia was founded by Paul George and Adriane Carr, BUY TEMOVATE NO PRESCRIPTION.

Colony Farm at Riverview (Mental Hospital), buy TEMOVATE no prescription, which had been started in 1905, closed.

In Lions Bay two teenage boys died and five homes were destroyed or damaged when a debris torrent poured tons of mud and logs down Alberta Creek. The creek was later channelized with a concrete lining. Online buying TEMOVATE, People

Jim Kinnaird, president of the B.C. BUY TEMOVATE NO PRESCRIPTION, Federation of Labour, died in office on February 17, aged 50. He was elected business manager, Local 213, of the IBEW in 1967. He stepped down in the fall of 1972, TEMOVATE without a prescription, to become president of the B.C. and Yukon Building Trades Council, then in 1973 was appointed assistant deputy minister of labor by the NDP government. He returned to head the Building Trades in 1976, TEMOVATE price, coupon, until November 1978 when he was elected president of the B.C. Federation of Labor, uniting the divided body, BUY TEMOVATE NO PRESCRIPTION. Kinnaird served three terms as leader of 250,000 unionized workers, but died suddenly of a heart attack. Constance Brissenden writes: "He disliked flamboyance and public shouting matches but was not above them."

Tsutae Sato, educator, order TEMOVATE no prescription, died in Vancouver on May 23, aged about 92. He was born in 1891 in Tanekura, Fukushima-ken, Canada, mexico, india, Japan. He arrived in Canada July 2, 1917 to teach at the Nippon Kokumin Gakko, Japanese Citizens School on Alexander Street. BUY TEMOVATE NO PRESCRIPTION, Sato married Hanako Awaka (d. May 4, 1983, buy TEMOVATE from canada, Vancouver), a teacher, in 1921. Together, Where can i cheapest TEMOVATE online, they ran the Vancouver Japanese Language School from 1906 to 1942. The growth in number of Japanese residents in Vancouver led to the building of the Japanese Hall at 475 Alexander, dedicated March 19, 1928, for community activities and the school. In 1979 the Satos established scholarships in Japanese studies at UBC, where can i buy cheapest TEMOVATE online. In 1978 Tsutae was awarded the Order of Canada, BUY TEMOVATE NO PRESCRIPTION.


The first Earl's Restaurant opened in Vancouver on February 3. It was named for Leroy Earl Fuller, who in 1954 opened his first restaurant to feed local farmers of Sunburst, Montana. Doses TEMOVATE work, The first Earl's with that name opened in 1982 in Edmonton. There are now more than 50 restaurants in the chain throughout Western Canada, Arizona and Colorado. BUY TEMOVATE NO PRESCRIPTION, And Earl is still with us as Chairman of Earls Restaurants Ltd.

Fraser Valley Credit Union, which had started in 1949 with fourteen charter members and $48 in assets, but which had grown considerably, japan, craiglist, ebay, overseas, paypal, expanded into the insurance industry. (In 2001 FVCU will merge with the Edelweiss Credit Union. In 2003 they will change their name to Prospera Credit Union.)

Surrey Metro Savings-which had started May 5, 1947 as a closed bond credit union, TEMOVATE pics, open only to members of the Surrey Cooperative, expanded to become a community credit union. In 2006, it's Canada's second largest credit union.


The first Grey Cup Game was played at B.C, BUY TEMOVATE NO PRESCRIPTION. Place Stadium on November 27. 59, buy TEMOVATE without a prescription,345 fans saw the Lions lose a squeaker, 18-17, to the Toronto Argonauts. The coverage of the game (both CBC and CTV television, TEMOVATE from mexico, CBC Radio and French-language CBC, attracted the largest audience in Canadian broadcast history for a Canadian sports program to that time with 8.1 million.

Three Richmond men-Lloyd Yodogawa, Dan Milkovich and Grant Kuramoto-were gold medalists in judo at the Canada Winter Games. BUY TEMOVATE NO PRESCRIPTION, Jim Kojima, "Mr. Judo," is named to the Order of Canada for his 40-year involvement in judo as participant, TEMOVATE results, referee, coach and organizer.


Taking over from Pedersen at SFU: William Saywell, who will hold the post until 1993 . TEMOVATE pictures, . . and immediately be faced with financial cutbacks-the "worst financial crisis for universities since the depression"-and responded with painful, painstaking tuition increases, program and staff cuts, salary roll-backs and hiring freezes, BUY TEMOVATE NO PRESCRIPTION.

A new $26 million campus facility for the King Edward Centre of Vancouver Community College was officially opened in the Mount Pleasant area at 1155 East Broadway. Its opening was marked by a trek-billed as "King Edward's Last Trek"-of more than a thousand students. Most of the students walked, but a few made the trip from the old campus on Oak Street to the new campus on Broadway riding in a horse-drawn carriage, is TEMOVATE addictive. The stained glass window of King Edward VII from the original high school survived the 1973 fire and is now located on the second floor of the campus library.

Architecture BUY TEMOVATE NO PRESCRIPTION, Premier Bill Bennett opened Canada's first domed stadium, Vancouver's 60,000-seat BC Place, on June 19. In the first event at just-opened BC Place Stadium the next day, the Vancouver Whitecaps soccer team defeated the Seattle Sounders.

[caption id="attachment_10724" align="alignright" width="295" caption="Kuan Yin Buddhist Temple at 9160 Steveston Highway in Richmond. Photo Courtesy of Tourism Richmond."]yin5_1983_international-buddhist-temple[/caption]

The Kuan Yin Buddhist Temple at 9160 Steveston Highway in Richmond was dedicated on October 23. It was the first architecturally authentic Buddhist Temple in North America. Cheap TEMOVATE no rx, The architect, Vincent Kwan, produced a building that has been called "the most exquisite example of Chinese palatial architecture in North America." One can take a virtual tour of the Temple here.

On October 29, the Terry Fox Library in Port Coquitlam was officially opened by Terry's parents, Betty and Rolland Fox, BUY TEMOVATE NO PRESCRIPTION. A commemorative plaque was unveiled, and a statue of Terry-created by George Pratt from Nelson Island granite-was unveiled.

It was announced that the old 1910 Post Office building at Hastings and Granville and adjacent buildings were to get a $40 million facelift and that, TEMOVATE description, effective November 14, they would also get a new name: Sinclair Centre. The name was chosen to honour prominent businessman James Sinclair of West Vancouver, a former Liberal MP and federal fisheries minister (and father of Margaret Trudeau). TEMOVATE wiki, Construction started on Canada Place. BUY TEMOVATE NO PRESCRIPTION, This will be the Canadian Pavilion at Expo 86. The trade and convention centre is here, as is a cruise ship terminal, both now outgrown. At the southern (landward) end of the complex is the Pan Pacific Hotel and Vancouver's World Trade Centre. There is an IMAX theatre here, TEMOVATE class, too. The architectural team: Zeidler Roberts Partnership; Musson Cattell Mackey Partnership; Downs/Archambault and Partners. Construction would be finished by 1986, BUY TEMOVATE NO PRESCRIPTION.


The Surrey Festival of Dance, the largest festival of its type in North America, began on April 5. There are classes in Irish, Polynesian, Highland, ballet, tap, stage and jazz dancing.

Kazuyoshi Akiyama became the musical director of the Vancouver Symphony Orchestra on November 27.

The Terry Fox Story, directed by Ralph Thomas. BUY TEMOVATE NO PRESCRIPTION, Eric Fryer played Terry in this made-for-TV movie that concentrated on the Marathon of Hope.

Philip Borsos' movie The Grey Fox, released in 1982, the story of train robber Bill Miner, was nominated for Best Film at the Golden Globe Awards.

Books and works published in 1983 on local issues include:

The first issue of ExpoPulse! appeared on October 15. It was a weekly newsletter written by Chuck Davis and aimed at individuals and companies hoping to do business with Expo 86. ExpoPulse! ended publication when the exposition opened in May, 1986.

The book Teach me to fly, Skyfighter, BUY TEMOVATE NO PRESCRIPTION. and other stories, by Paul Yee, and illustrated by SKY Lee, appeared. It's described as "stories about a group of Chinese-Canadian children growing up in Vancouver's Chinatown and Strathcona districts." It includes an afterword which summarizes the history of the Chinese community in British Columbia. (This was a busy year for Yee: he also submitted his MA thesis at UBC on "Chinese Business in Vancouver 1886-1914."


The late Chuck Davis was a Vancouver writer who wrote, co-wrote, and/or edited 15 books. Most of them are on local history, and he described his yet-to-be released book, The History of Metropolitan Vancouver, as the capstone of his career. BUY TEMOVATE NO PRESCRIPTION, Chuck’s passion for history was contagious and all the information he gathered and wrote about is the priceless gift he has left the citizens of Vancouver.

John Calimente is the president of Rail Integrated Developments. He supports great public transit, cycling, and walking + transit integrated developments + urban life lived without a car.

Erick Villagomez is one of the founding editors at re:place. He is also an educator, independent researcher and designer with academic and professional interests in the human settlements at all scales. His private practice - Metis Design|Build - is an innovative practice dedicated to a collaborative and ecologically responsible approach to the design and construction of places..



December 30, 2010

ACCUTANE OVER THE COUNTER, [caption id="attachment_10660" align="alignleft" width="290" caption="Coach Roger Neilson and his Stanley Cup finalist Vancouver Canucks. Photo courtesy of Canucks Central."]yin5_1982_canuckscentral_rogerneilson[/caption]

This important year saw the temporary Arts, Sciences and Technology Centre - the precursor to Science World - open downtown. The groundbreaking for the Skytrain Expo Line also occurred and the Vancouver Canucks reached the Stanley Cup finals.  Serial killer Clifford Olsen also pled guilty to the murder of 11 Vancouver-area children.

Compiled by John Calimente (with permission from Chuck Davis)
Photos compiled by Erick Villagomez

Precursor to Science World opens

The Arts, ACCUTANE no prescription, Sciences and Technology Centre opened in an interim space on Granville Street on January 15. The dream of establishing a science centre had begun in 1977 under the leadership of Barbara Brink, the Junior League of Greater Vancouver and the City of Vancouver. A set of hands-on exhibits known as the "Extended I" had been displayed in venues around Vancouver prior to the opening of the Centre, ACCUTANE OVER THE COUNTER. In six years, the temporary centre at the corner of Granville and Dunsmuir attracted more than 600,000 visitors, ACCUTANE street price. Another 400,000 benefited from the centre's outreach programs which travelled around the province.

The demand for a permanent venue was clear; the only obstacles which stood in the way were finding a location and securing funding. Both campaigns were successful. ACCUTANE OVER THE COUNTER, Today, it's known as Science World at Telus World of Science. Taking ACCUTANE, The big silver sphere began life as the Preview Centre for Expo 86, so it's been a city landmark for almost 25 years.

Transpo 86 announced

Premier Bill Bennett announced on April 1 that a world exposition called Transpo 86 would be held in Vancouver. The name was later changed to Expo 86. He also announced that a trade and convention centre would be built.

Greater Vancouver Food Bank Society established

A group called Canadian Ecumenical Action, meeting in the basement of Chalmers United Church on Hemlock at West 12th Avenue, established the Greater Vancouver Food Bank Society in December, ACCUTANE OVER THE COUNTER. The group included Reverend Val Anderson, japan, craiglist, ebay, overseas, paypal, later a member of the B.C. Legislature, and the first Executive Director of the Food Bank, Sylvia Russell. ACCUTANE gel, ointment, cream, pill, spray, continuous-release, extended-release, Within a few months, the Food Bank would move into its own warehouse, and would distribute food each week through five depots, mostly in churches.

Food banks were born in BC when a continent-wide recession that had started in the late 1970s and continued into the early 1980s hit resource-based economies such as BC's especially hard. ACCUTANE OVER THE COUNTER, In response to the needs of newly laid-off workers, churches, trade unions, and other socially aware organizations started to collect food from persons who were better off to distribute to those in need.

Vancouver Canucks reach Stanley Cup finals

There was no joy in Vancouver (or in the rest of Canada) on May 16 when the Vancouver Canucks were defeated by the New York Islanders in the quest for the Stanley Cup, about ACCUTANE. Not even "Towel Power" had helped. It was the closest the Canucks had come to hockey's top prize. But they had been beaten in four straight games by the Islanders, and the team was inconsolable. The fans were not, ACCUTANE OVER THE COUNTER. Kjøpe ACCUTANE på nett, köpa ACCUTANE online, A piece by the Vancouver Sun's Ian Haysom was headlined CINDERELLA HEROES LOST STANLEY CUP BUT WON OUR HEARTS. "Stan Smyl," Haysom wrote, "eyes red, choking back the tears, said: 'Yes, buy generic ACCUTANE, it hurts. I guess it hurts a lot.'"

"Tthe miracle on Renfrew Street" had begun under interim coach Roger Neilson (filling in for Harry Neale who had been suspended after getting into a fight in the stands in Quebec) and the heroic goal tending of "King" Richard Brodeur. The Vancouver Canucks beat Calgary 3-0 in the first round of the Stanley Cup playoffs, then took out Los Angeles 4-1, ACCUTANE pharmacy, but ran into trouble in game two of the Campbell conference final against the Chicago Blackhawks. ACCUTANE OVER THE COUNTER, The Canucks were losing 3-1 in the third period and were frustrated by a series of calls by referee Bob Myers-including a disallowed goal-so Neilson showed his dismay by hoisting a white towel atop a hockey stick. Players Gerry Minor and Tiger Williams joined in and "towel power" was born. Although the Canucks received a bench penalty and went on to lose the game the sarcastic gesture galvanized the team and when they returned to Vancouver the fans were ALL waving white towels. Towel power was born.

Children's Hospital completed

In 1975 the re-elected Social Credit government committed to building a children's hospital somewhere in Vancouver. By 1976 they had chosen a location at West 28th Avenue and Oak Street, ACCUTANE OVER THE COUNTER. In 1977 Health Minister Robert McClelland broke ground at that location, ACCUTANE price, coupon, and the hospital was completed in 1982 at a cost of $60 million. It had 320,000 square feet of space and 250 acute care beds, an adolescent unit, ACCUTANE no rx, a modern isolation facility, a rehabilitation unit, a 10-bed psychiatric unit and a 60-bed special care nursery.

Also in 1982


On January 14, serial killer Clifford Olson pled guilty to the murder of 11 Vancouver-area children and was sentenced to life imprisonment. The RCMP will pay Olson's family $100, real brand ACCUTANE online,000 in return for Olson revealing where his victims' bodies were buried. ACCUTANE OVER THE COUNTER, An arsonist's fire heavily damaged Malkin Bowl in Stanley Park on January 16. The fire destroyed, among other things, the signatures of hundreds of performers and the names and dates of shows, ACCUTANE blogs, all pencilled on the old wooden walls. The fire-setter was never found, but the old Bowl was rebuilt and shows continued to be presented.

The second annual Peace March on April 24 draws 35,000 participants.

On November 20, ACCUTANE results, Vancouver was declared a "nuclear free zone" in a plebiscite, and voters also approved Sunday shopping.


Alan Morley, journalist, died in North Vancouver on October 6, aged 77, ACCUTANE OVER THE COUNTER. He was born August 15, 1905 in Vancouver but grew up in Armstrong and Penticton. ACCUTANE brand name, He supported himself through UBC in the early 1930s writing for The Vancouver Sun, then wrote for 21 other newspapers before returning to the Sun in 1957. He worked there until his retirement in 1970. He wrote The Romance of Vancouver (1940), a collection of his historical columns, and in 1961 wrote Vancouver: From Milltown to Metropolis, comprar en línea ACCUTANE, comprar ACCUTANE baratos. ACCUTANE OVER THE COUNTER, It's still our favourite of the book-length histories of Vancouver because of his story-telling ability and his affection for the city.

On November 12, Clarence Wallace, shipbuilder and former lieutenant-governor, died in Palm Desert, What is ACCUTANE, California, aged 89. He was born in Vancouver, Constance Brissenden writes, "on June 22, 1893, ACCUTANE schedule. On leaving college, he joined the family business, Burrard Drydock. (See the entry on his father, ACCUTANE long term, Andy Wallace, in our Hall of Fame.) He served overseas during the First World War from 1914 to 1916, was wounded at Ypres. In 1918 he became secretary-treasurer of Burrard Drydock, and in 1929 was named president, ACCUTANE OVER THE COUNTER. During the Second World War he built North Sands and Victory ships and converted other vessels for war use. He was awarded the CBE in 1946 for his wartime efforts. Wallace was lieutenant-governor of BC from 1950 to 1955, ACCUTANE canada, mexico, india, the first to have been born in the province." See a history of Wallace Shipyards here.

Olympic medallist Percy Williams died in Vancouver on November 29, aged 74. ACCUTANE OVER THE COUNTER, He was a double gold medallist at the 1928 Amsterdam Olympics.When he came home to Vancouver in September, 1928 the city went a little nutty. What Williams, Cheap ACCUTANE no rx, a King Edward High grad, had done-and what no Canadian track and field athlete has done since-was to win two Olympic gold medals at the same games. He came out of nowhere at the 1928 Amsterdam Olympics to win both the 100-metre and the 200-metre races.

"Perhaps the most remarkable home-coming in the history of British Columbia," said B.C.'s Premier Simon Tolmie. Thousands of people jammed Granville Street from the CPR station to Georgia Street to cheer 20-year-old Percy on, fast shipping ACCUTANE. "The demonstration affected spectators," one newspaper report said, "to such an extent that they tore up the contents of waste paper baskets, and sent the fluttering scraps out over the crowds as confetti."

Percy's race wasn't a fluke: He won the world record for the 100-metre dash in 1930, and held it for 10 years, ACCUTANE OVER THE COUNTER. Only an injury kept him from succeeding at the 1932 Games.

The sports fraternity in B.C. was shocked by the sudden death of sprinter Harry Jerome, 42. Where can i buy cheapest ACCUTANE online, He was riding as a passenger in a car northbound over the Lions Gate Bridge on December 7 when he suffered a seizure, and was dead when brought minutes later to Lions Gate Hospital. ACCUTANE OVER THE COUNTER, Jerome had been at Vancouver General Hospital just four days earlier after suffering a series of brain seizures. Born on September 30, 1940 in Prince Albert, Saskatchewan, he began running at North Vancouver High School, ACCUTANE online cod. He won a scholarship to the University of Oregon. T

he first to simultaneously hold world records for the 100-metre and 100-yard events, Jerome was also co-holder of the 100-metre world record for eight years after setting the mark of 10 seconds flat in Saskatoon in 1960. He won a bronze medal at the 1964 Olympics, ACCUTANE maximum dosage, gold medals at 1966 Commonwealth Games and 1967 Pan-American games. He competed in the Olympics in Mexico City in 1968, retiring the same year, ACCUTANE OVER THE COUNTER. Jerome was inducted into the BC Sports Hall of Fame in 1966, the Canadian Amateur Athletic Hall of Fame in1967 and Canada's Sports Hall of Fame in 1971. He received the Order of Canada in 1970.

Muni Evers' 13-year career as mayor of New Westminster ended after seven terms. Evers, order ACCUTANE from United States pharmacy, a pharmacist, was first elected in 1969. ACCUTANE OVER THE COUNTER, When he announced his retirement Evers told The Royal City Record: "I'm very satisfied with my term. I'm not saying I'm perfect, but I'm close to it." He was grinning when he said it, Online buying ACCUTANE, but the consensus was that he had been a very good mayor. Evers died in 2004.


Electronic Arts, today the world's leading interactive entertainment software company, and with a big staff in its local studios and offices, was incorporated, effects of ACCUTANE.

Hassan Khosrowshahi, started Future Shop in Vancouver in 1982. He had fled to Canada with his family from his native Iran and a flourishing import-export firm in 1979 when it was evident Ayatollah Khomeini would be taking over, ACCUTANE OVER THE COUNTER. He would build Future Shop into Canada's biggest consumer electronics retailer. In 2001 Future Shop (91 stores with 7, ACCUTANE from canadian pharmacy, 300 staff) was sold to Minneapolis-based Best Buy Co. Inc., the largest consumer electronics retailer in the U.S.

[caption id="attachment_10662" align="alignright" width="300" caption="Empire Stadium. Photo via"]yin5_1982_empirestadium[/caption]

Sports ACCUTANE OVER THE COUNTER, On November 6, the B.C. Lions played their last game at Empire Stadium, winning against the Montreal Alouettes, where can i buy ACCUTANE online. Coming up for the team: a new home at B.C. Place Stadium.

Maple Ridge athlete Debbie Brill-the first woman in North America to clear six feet in the high jump (she was 16 at the time)-won gold in that event at the Commonwealth Games in Brisbane. She'd done it before, in 1970, at the Commonwealth Games in Edinburgh, ACCUTANE OVER THE COUNTER.


Health Minister James Nielsen opened the 120-bed "New Grace Hospital" at 4490 Oak Street site on April 2. ACCUTANE dangers, It would eventually be named the British Columbia Women's Hospital and Health Centre.

Construction began on the Expo 86 site on October 7.

The 255-tonne B.C. Place Stadium ACCUTANE OVER THE COUNTER, fabric dome, largest of its kind in the world, was inflated on November 14. It took less than an hour. The Stadium would open to the public on June 19, 1983, buy no prescription ACCUTANE online.

Coquitlam Centre at 2929 Barnet Highway won the Governor-General's Award for Excellence in Architecture for Edmonton architect B. James Wensley. The centre opened in 1979 and housed a collection of 27 sculptures and other work by B.C, ACCUTANE OVER THE COUNTER. artists.


Groundbreaking started the construction of the original SkyTrain line began on March 1. Online buy ACCUTANE without a prescription, The CPR's Kitsilano Trestle, built in 1886 across the mouth of False Creek and modified in 1903 to allow a swing span, was removed. The CPR's informally dubbed "Sockeye Limited" used this trestle between 1902 and 1905. ACCUTANE OVER THE COUNTER, (The "Sockeye" ran twice a day between the CPR's waterfront station and Steveston, then a major fishing and canning centre.) The trestle was also used regularly by the BC Electric's No. 12 Kitsilano streetcar to Kits Beach, a line that was discontinued in 1949, get ACCUTANE. B.C. Electric freight trains also used it between their freight yards southwest of Chinatown to their other lines south of False Creek.


Surrey's Centennial Centre Theatre opened on October 22.

The Firehall Theatre opened its doors in 1982, ACCUTANE OVER THE COUNTER. Now known as the Firehall Arts Centre, Ordering ACCUTANE online, today more than 35,000 people attend over 340 performances at the Firehall each year, making it one of the busiest venues in Vancouver.

An exhibition titled Cabinets of Curiosities opened at the Vancouver Museum. The show captured the spirit and history of earlier years of the Museum where, with no departments, collections had grown "somewhat randomly." The public found the result both fascinating and eclectic, and attendance was heavy. The exhibition offered up a nostalgic selection from the very first donation-a stuffed white swan-to First Nations poet Pauline Johnson's performance costume and a long-treasured Egyptian mummy, displayed for 30 years in error as 'Diana' until X-rays in 1951 proved 'Diana' was really a boy, about 10 years old.

Leonard Schein initiated The Vancouver Film Festival ACCUTANE OVER THE COUNTER, this year.

Books published in 1980 on local issues include:

Tynehead Memories: History of a Surrey Neighborhood, compiled by the Tynehead Historical Society, was "Dedicated to the descendants of pioneer families who were at one time residents of Tynehead, a small district tucked away in the northeast end of the municipality of Surrey, near the head of the Serpentine River."

Betty Keller's life of Indian poet Pauline Johnson was published. Pauline: A biography of Pauline Johnson, won the Canadian Biography Medal for 1982 and was a Book of the Month Club selection for April 1983.


The late Chuck Davis was a Vancouver writer who wrote, co-wrote, and/or edited 15 books. Most of them are on local history, and he described his yet-to-be released book, The History of Metropolitan Vancouver, as the capstone of his career. Chuck’s passion for history was contagious and all the information he gathered and wrote about is the priceless gift he has left the citizens of Vancouver, ACCUTANE OVER THE COUNTER.

John Calimente is the president of Rail Integrated Developments. He supports great public transit, cycling, and walking + transit integrated developments + urban life lived without a car.

Erick Villagomez is one of the founding editors at re:place. He is also an educator, independent researcher and designer with academic and professional interests in the human settlements at all scales. His private practice - Metis Design|Build - is an innovative practice dedicated to a collaborative and ecologically responsible approach to the design and construction of places..

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A Year in Five Minutes: Vancouver 1981

December 9, 2010

[caption id="attachment_10473" align="alignleft" width="290" caption="Kwantlen University College's Richmond campus. Photo by Arnold C, wikipedia."]Kwantlen University College's Richmond campus. Photo by Arnold C, wikipedia.[/caption] As the city's population dipped in 1981, most of the suburbs were seeing a huge increase in their number of inhabitants. This year also saw the death of a Canadian hero. Compiled by John Calimente (with permission from Chuck Davis) Photos compiled by Leszek Apouchtine Kwantlen College takes over Douglas College campuses south of the Fraser On April 1, the Fraser Valley college district served by Douglas College was divided into two smaller regions, one on the north shore of the Fraser River another on the south shore. Douglas College retained its campuses in New Westminster, Coquitlam, and Maple Ridge, while the newly-named Kwantlen College took charge of the campuses in Langley, Surrey, and Richmond. A contest had been held to find a name for the new South Fraser region college. From over 200 names suggested—including Tillicum, Dogwood, Surdel-Langrich, and Salish—Kwantlen was the clear winner. The winning entry was submitted by Stan McKinnon, news editor of the Surrey Leader. The name Kwantlen means “tireless runners” and refers to the native people who lived in the South Fraser region. Today, it’s known as Kwantlen University College, a degree-granting undergraduate university college with four campuses. Terry Fox dies Terry Fox died at dawn on June 28 in Royal Columbian Hospital in New Westminster, one month before his 23rd birthday. His family was at his side. Canada mourned a genuine, and a beloved, hero. Flags on all federal buildings were flown at half-mast all across Canada. Terry’s campaign had raised $23 million for the fight against cancer. His dedication, courage and selflessness are perpetuated through the annual Terry Fox Run and the Terry Fox Foundation. His parents, Betty and Rolly Fox, work today to keep the Marathon of Hope alive. On September 13 the first Terry Fox Run was held, with over 300,000 participants in more than 880 Canadian communities raising a total of $3.5 million. Still an annual event almost 30 years on, the Run has raised millions of dollars for cancer research in  countries around the world. [caption id="attachment_10474" align="alignright" width="330" caption="The Cave, photographed in 1948. Photo by Jack Lindsay. Item # CVA 1184-3470. Photo courtesy of Vancouver Archives."]The Cave, photographed in 1948. Photo by Jack Lindsay. Item # CVA 1184-3470. Photo courtesy of Vancouver Archives.[/caption] The Cave is demolished A fixture on the Vancouver club scene for decades and famous for its papier-mache stalactites, The Cave closed its doors on July 20 with a farewell performance by the Bobby Hales Orchestra. The club was demolished the next day. Actually, the demolition started early: “Before the day dawned,” Joy Metcalfe wrote, “every mirror, stalactite, showcase, sink and toilet that had not been auctioned off earlier had been demolished by the mob.” The Cave was a setting for acts ranging from Mitzi Gaynor, Milton Berle, Mel Torme, Lena Horne, Jack Carter, Henny Youngman and Louis Armstrong to Eric Burdon and the Animals and The Doors. Mike Harcourt elected Vancouver mayor in upset win Elected as mayor of Vancouver on November 17 was a 38-year-old Edmonton-born (January 6, 1943) lawyer named Mike Harcourt, who defeated the incumbent, Jack Volrich of the Non-Partisan Association with 50,203 votes to 47,107. “Vancouver,” wrote the Province’s Jan O'Brien, “will never be the same after the weekend's upset civic election. A ward system in 1982, more housing and an immediate push for light-rail transit are on the agenda of the new city council . . .” Harcourt later became the leader of the New Democratic Party in B.C. and then premier in a landslide victory over Social Credit. Downtown Convention Centre runs over budget Pier B-C, on the city’s central waterfront, was being prepared as a downtown convention centre. The facility, to be funded by three levels of government, was initially projected to cost $25 million. By 1980, with construction not yet begun, it had soared to $52 million, then, within months, $80 million. By November 1981, it was $135 million and politicians were panicking. On Dec. 8, 1981, Premier Bill Bennett postponed construction indefinitely. Also in 1981 News By 1981 two-thirds of Greater Vancouver’s population lived outside the central city. The 1981 census was sobering for Vancouver: it showed a drop in absolute numbers, with 12,000 fewer people in the city since the 1971 census. That was only a three per cent drop, but it was a drop. In contrast, most of the suburbs were leaping ahead: Langley Township had more than doubled in population in a decade, Surrey had grown by more than 50 percent, Richmond by more than 55. Delta was now five times bigger than it had been 20 years earlier. Only New Westminster joined Vancouver in bucking the trend: its population dropped 10 per cent during the 1970s. A deep and protracted recession began in BC. The recession made it clear, wrote economist Michael Goldberg, that British Columbia “had to diversify its resource-based economy.” A decline in house values began and would continue into 1982. Chartered accountant Don Young comments: “House values in Vancouver declined by 30 per cent or more and many people were hurt, some bankrupted, because they were caught with two homes (bought one and couldn't sell the one they owned) when interest rates were at an all time high—first mortgages at 20 per cent and more—and the demand for new and used homes plunged from the unrealistically high levels achieved by the end of 1980.” Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPE) members went on strike in the spring, leaving garbage piled up at tennis courts and other makeshift sites throughout Greater Vancouver. On June 2, 300 inmates seized control of Abbotsford’s Matsqui Institution and set fire to seven prison buildings causing millions in damages. Actions taken by Corporal Patrick Aloysius Kevin McBride during the riot to rescue eight staff members from a burning roof led to his receiving a second medal of honor for heroism in the same year from the Governor General. A 1981 peace march against nuclear arms in Vancouver was a success, drawing nearly 10,000 participants. The march would attract 35,000 the next year, and more than 100,000 in 1983. The annual event grew to become the largest of its kind in North America. Clifford Olson, 41, a self-employed contractor from Coquitlam, was arrested  on August 14 and soon charged with the murder of 14-year-old Judy Kozma. On August 31st he was charged with nine counts of murder in a Burnaby court. The charges include the murder of Judy Kozma and eight other children. Poland's Communist government began its crackdown on the Solidarity trade union and more seamen jumped ship in Vancouver in December. About 1,000 demonstrators, chanting “Solidarity Forever” marched from Robson Square to Pier B.C. People Nanaimo-born (1902) band leader Charlie Pawlett died on August 21, aged about 79. Constance Brissenden has written that he began playing trumpet and violin in Vancouver clubs in the 1920s, and from 1936 to 1939 was band leader at the Commodore Ballroom. His shows were broadcast on CJOR radio. He played in the RCAF band during the Second World War. Pawlett played at the Strand Theatre, Howden's Ballroom, Arcadian Ballroom and Narrows Supper Club. [caption id="attachment_10475" align="alignleft" width="260" caption="Chief Dan George's star on Granville Street, Vancouver. Photo by Joe Mabel, wikipedia."]Chief Dan George's star on Granville Street, Vancouver. Photo by Joe Mabel, wikipedia.[/caption] Chief Dan George died in Vancouver on September 23, aged 82. He was born July 24, 1899 in North Vancouver. At age five, he entered a mission boarding school where his surname was changed to George. He worked as a longshoreman and logger. He was the chief of the Squamish Band from 1951 to 1963, and honorary chief of the Squamish Nation. In 1959 he began his acting career, appearing to great acclaim in the first production of The Ecstasy of Rita Joe by George Ryga (1967). His films included an Oscar-nominated performance in Little Big Man (1970) and The Outlaw Josey Wales (1975). Business The Knowledge Network, a B.C. government-funded educational channel, made its first broadcast in January. The Hongkong Bank of Canada, a wholly-owned subsidiary of HSBC Holdings, based in London, England, received its federal charter on July 1. On November 27, 1986 it would buy substantially all the assets and liabilities of the Bank of B.C. The national edition of the Globe and Mail is extended to Vancouver in October, via its satellite printing network. Julia Levy formed biotechnology company Quadra Logic Technologies, now QLT Inc., in 1981. It was while teaching microbiology at UBC that Dr. Levy first became interested in the idea of using photo-sensitive drugs to treat diseases. Dr. Levy served as the company’s president and CEO from 1995 to 2002. Former Quintessence Records staffer Grant McDonagh opened Zulu Records, in the same location at 4th and Burrard. The Port of Vancouver processed 22,800 cruise passengers. The total will pass 170,000 in 1981; 423,000 in 1991 and 600,000 in 1995. Education The Vancouver Indian Centre Society opened its new centre at 1607 East Hastings on May 29, with Chief Simon Baker officiating. Today it’s known as the Vancouver Aboriginal Friendship Centre. Established in the early 1950s as the Coqualeetza Fellowship Club, it then moved from West Broadway to 1855 Vine Street in 1970. After a City of Vancouver survey found that most of the aboriginal population of 40-45,000 lived between Cambie and Nanaimo streets,  the current location was chosen to be more central to the community. June 5 was the opening date of the UBC Asian Centre, devoted to promoting and encouraging greater awareness and understanding of the many Asian cultures represented in Canada and  particularly in the Lower Mainland. Its web site relates its fascinating backstory: “A UBC Religious Studies Professor, Shotaro Iida who went to Expo 70 in Osaka, Japan thought the Sanyo Electric Company Exhibit building would make a great Asian Centre for UBC once the fair was over. He asked Sanyo for the donation of the building, and succeeded! The building was donated to the people of the province of British Columbia in honor of B.C.'s Centennial. In addition to the Sanyo Corporation, sponsors for the Asian Centre included the Canadian and Japanese governments, business, industry and private individuals, many from Japan. “Since the cost of shipping the entire dismantled building would have been astronomical, only the supporting beams and girders were sent. UBC, however, did not know about the shipment and only learned of it when Canada Customs called saying they had some ‘white pipes’ waiting to be picked up by UBC! Construction started January 8, 1974, and the building was officially opened June 5, 1981. The Centre’s distinctive roof shape is inspired by a traditional Japanese farmhouse. The huge white beams from the Sanyo Pavilion are immediately noticeable as one enters the building.” Architecture The Devonshire Hotel opened at the northeast corner of Georgia and Hornby Streets in 1925. It took two years to put the building up. It took just 6.5 seconds to bring it down on  the morning of July 5. Hundreds of people crowded (prudently distant) onto adjacent streets and waited for Arrow Demolition’s big bang. At 7:05 a.m. Chris Charles, the wife of Arrow’s Brian Charles, pushed a delicate finger down on a button and, with a muffled crack from a hundred kilos of dynamite, the hotel’s central elevator shaft began to collapse. The rest of the seven-storey building fell inward, and a vast cloud of white dust rose up as the crowd cheered. Not long after the dust settled, work began on building the HSBC Bank Canada building. A new courthouse opened on Begbie Square in New Westminster on September 25. The theatre in the Surrey Art Centre, built in Bear Creek Park in 1967 as a federal Centennial project at a cost of $225,000, was rebuilt by the municipality and the province. The Bentall IV office building opened at 1055 Dunsmuir. The 36-storey building is 137 metres high. Another lofty structure, the Stock Exchange Tower at 609 Granville, opened this year. Its 24 storeys top out at 100.2 metres. Transportation The Burlington Northern Railway (originally the Great Northern Railway, now the Burlington Northern and Santa Fe) discontinued passenger service. The line went through White Rock, but passenger service ended there in 1975. The railway gave its station to the city of White Rock that year. Passenger service between Vancouver and Seattle would be restored by Amtrak in 1995. Amtrak’s trains pass by the old station’s door, but the train doesn't stop there anymore. In 1991 the station would become the White Rock Museum and Archives. Arts & Culture The Vancouver East Cinema opened on January 12. George Wainborn, former Vancouver Park Board Commissioner, started the Stanley Park Christmas Train, with strong support from the Mt. Pleasant Legion. Now a Canadian classic, Joy Kogawa’s novel Obasan appeared. It was the first novel to deal with the internment by Canada of its Japanese citizens during and after the Second World War. Writer William Gibson, who had come to Vancouver from North Carolina in 1972, sold his first science fiction story to Omni magazine. There was much more to come. *** The late Chuck Davis was a Vancouver writer who wrote, co-wrote, and/or edited 15 books. Most of them are on local history, and he described his yet-to-be released book, The History of Metropolitan Vancouver, as the capstone of his career. Chuck's passion for history was contagious and all the information he gathered and wrote about is the priceless gift he has left the citizens of Vancouver. John Calimente is the president of Rail Integrated Developments. He supports great public transit, cycling, and walking + transit integrated developments + urban life lived without a car. Leszek Apouchtine is one of the founding editors at re:place.

A Year in Five Minutes: Vancouver 1980

November 10, 2010

[caption id="attachment_10138" align="alignleft" width="290" caption="The Carnegie Building, photographed here under construction in 1902, reopened in 1980. Item # CVA 1376-27."]The Carnegie Building, photographed here under construction in 1902, reopened in 1980. Item # CVA 1376-27.[/caption] 1980 saw the start of Terry Fox's Marathon of Hope, Vancouver was granted the honour of hosting Expo and the Stanley Park seawall was finally completed. Compiled by John Calimente (with permission from Chuck Davis) Photos courtesy of Vancouver Archives [EDITOR'S NOTE: As promised, we've been working to continue providing the great research of Chuck Davis and are happy to give our readers - and Chuck fans - the first of many upcoming Year in 5 Minutes installments.  As mentioned previously, we will by posting them intermittently, but rest assured that they are in queue!] Terry Fox and the Marathon of Hope One-legged runner Terry Fox of Port Coquitlam began his cross-country “Marathon of Hope” to raise money for cancer research. After the operation Terry began to run daily, painfully short distances at first, but increasing steadily as he developed strength and technique. "It takes more courage to fight cancer than it does for me to run," said a determined Fox. Two years later he had obtained sponsorship, and on April 12, 1980, after dipping his artificial leg in the Atlantic, began his run in St. John's, Newfoundland. After 143 days and 5,373 kilometres (an average 38 kilometres per day), Fox had to end his run in Thunder Bay, Ontario when it was discovered that his cancer had returned and spread to his lungs. On September 18th, at age 22, Fox became the youngest companion of the Order of Canada. The companion is the highest of three levels of the Order. In a special ceremony Governor General Ed Schreyer flew to B.C. to invest Terry with the honour in the municipal council chamber of his home town, Port Coquitlam. This marked the first and only time that the Governor General travelled to the recipient to present their award. “The Order of Canada awards,” the Province reported, “normally are presented twice a year. But Schreyer and the council which advises him on selections decided that, because of his illness and because of his contribution to the country, a special award should be made to Fox.” Schreyer quoted from poet Edwin Markham at the ceremony: “Brave soul that took the long and painful road to help create a dream that could not fail.” On December 3rd, the Province reported: “Terry Fox…has been made a freeman of the City of Port Coquitlam. Terry, who has raised almost $20 million for cancer research, was earlier admitted to the Order of Canada and the Order of the Dogwood.” By year’s end, more than $24 million had been raised, thanks largely to an earlier CTV telethon honouring Fox. Terry's goal of $1 for every Canadian had been reached, and more. He had more than doubled the National Cancer Institute of Canada's 1980 research allowance. And the Port Coquitlam post office reported that Terry got more mail in December than everyone else in town—residential and business—combined. Carnegie Centre reopens The Carnegie Building at Main and Hastings reopened on January 20th. It became the Carnegie Reading Room, which continues to be open seven days a week, 12 hours a day, 365 days each year. Urban Transit Authority sets stage for creation of TransLink Appropriately enough, on April 1st B.C. Hydro split off its transit division and a new company, Metro Transit Operating Co., under contract to the Urban Transit Authority, took over the region’s transit. Within a few years Metro Transit and the Urban Transit Authority would join forces to become BC Transit, predecessor to TransLink. Emily Carr opens on Granville Island In 1978 the newly named Emily Carr College of Art had regained its independence from VCC through the efforts of then-principal Robin Mayor (appointed in 1972). With an increased enrolment and a new mandate to serve all of British Columbia, the college needed a new facility. As part of a federal government urban renewal project on Granville Island, three abandoned industrial buildings on Johnston Street were transformed into the school's new premises and officially opened in October 1980. The words “and Design” were added to the college's name. Expo 86 approved In a decision that would have a huge impact on the City of Vancouver, on November 26th the International Bureau of Expositions in Paris approved Expo 86 for Vancouver. Also in 1980 News The eruption of Mount St. Helens in Washington State on May 18th (named, incidentally, by Capt. George Vancouver in 1792) rattled windows in Greater Vancouver. More details at this excellent website and another very detailed site on the event. O Canada was officially made the country’s national anthem on June 27. The English version has had slight revisions made. In the summer of 1980, Greater Vancouver brewery workers went on strike. It happened to coincide with an unseasonably hot summer. Groan. In August the “Boat People” of Vietnam, fleeing that country by the thousands, were on our minds. The City of Vancouver, Kevin Griffin wrote in The Greater Vancouver Book, “formed a special Task Force on the Boat People Rescue Project and opened a special refugee coordinating centre at 16th and Cambie. The centre wasn't so much a place for the refugees themselves to get help as much as it was for local residents to find out more information about sponsoring a Vietnamese refugee or to donate furniture, clothing or to lend a hand in whatever way possible.” [caption id="attachment_10140" align="alignright" width="340" caption="Part of the Stanley Park seawall, photographed here in 1966. Item # CVA 1502-1000."]Part of the Stanley Park seawall, photographed here in 1966. Item # CVA 1502-1000.[/caption] The nine-kilometre Stanley Park seawall was completed on September 21. Much of it was built or supervised by master stonemason Jimmy Cunningham, who has hefted thousands of the 45-kilogram blocks into place over 32 years. In December 6, Blackcomb Mountain opened for skiing with a capacity of 4,000 skiers per day, on four triple chairs and a beginner double chair, serving 4,068 vertical feet. It grew slowly at first, as it was still much smaller than its largest competitor and neighbor across the valley, Whistler Mountain. An improvisational group called the TheatreSports League began performing late night shows on weekends at City Stage. Mark Leiren-Young wrote that “the ever-changing cast of improvisational comedians (which has included such successful performers and/or writers as Jay Brazeau, Garry Chalk, Roger Frederichs, Dean Haglund, Christine Lippa, Colin Mocherie, Louise Moon, Morris Panych and Veena Sood) . . . gradually developed a devout following and in 1986 took over the City Stage space themselves, renaming their venue The Back Alley Theatre.” The B.C. Penitentiary, a federal maximum-security facility and the largest prison in the province, was phased out. It was replaced by Kent Prison in Matsqui and other institutions as part of a decentralization plan. People On January 26, William John “Torchy” Peden, cyclist, died in Northbrook, Illinois, aged 73. He was born April 17, 1906 (another source gives April 16) in Victoria. A “flame-haired youth who led the pack like a torch,” he was famed during the Depression as “a six-day immortal” bicycle racer, winning Vancouver's first such event in 1931. In 1929, Peden set a world speed record on a bicycle of 81 mph (130.3 km/h) that stood for 12 years. With his brother James Douglas Peden, Torchy won races across North America, setting a world record of 38 victories that lasted 28 years. He was inducted into the B.C. Sports Hall of Fame in 1966 and the Canadian Sports Hall of Fame. On August 14 Vancouver-born actress and Playboy Playmate Dorothy Stratten was killed by her husband in a West Los Angeles apartment. This site has details, and there is a fan site. A movie about the tragedy, Star 80, starring Mariel Hemingway was made in 1983. Vancouver's Lois Wilson was the first woman to be named moderator of the United Church of Canada on August 16th. The Downtown Eastside Residents Association, DERA, hired an organizer. DERA had been having financial problems, exacerbated by non-supportive provincial and civic governments. But then both Bruce Eriksen and Libby Davies were elected to city council, and with other supporters such as Harry Rankin and Mike Harcourt the organization was eventually able to obtain the funding to hire that organizer. His name was Jim Green. Business On March 1, Canada's first all-jazz station, Vancouver CJAZ-FM 92.1 signed on, followed by CISL AM 940 Richmond on May 1. See this site for more information on Vancouver broadcasters. Southam acquired ownership of the Vancouver Sun on August 27. It now owned both dailies in the city, the Vancouver Sun and the Province. In 1964 the two papers had established Pacific Press Ltd. to print both newspapers from a single shared plant at 2250 Granville St. The Sun was given exclusive jurisdiction as the evening newspaper and the Province became a morning daily when the old News-Herald (latterly called, simply, the Herald) was killed. There were two separate owners, Southam Inc. for the Province and, successively for the Sun, Sun Publishing, FP Publications Ltd, and, briefly, Thomson Newspapers. Now there was just one. The north side of Whistler Mountain opened. So did the first phase of Whistler Village with hotels, restaurants, pubs, shops, the Whistler Conference Centre, banks and tour companies. The Knowledge Network was created. A B.C. government-funded educational channel, it would make its on-air debut in January 1981. During that year the Knowledge Network staff increased from one to 30. Assets at Vancouver City Savings Credit Union (VanCity) hit the $1 billion mark. Architecture The building housing the Surrey Central Library and the city’s Chamber of Commerce opened on March 29. The CN Station (1917-19) and its rooftop neon sign were designated Schedule A Heritage Structures by Vancouver City Council in April. Today, that handsome building is called Pacific Central Station, the terminal for Greyhound Lines, Pacific Coach Lines and two passenger railways: VIA Rail and Amtrak. [caption id="attachment_10139" align="alignleft" width="330" caption="Vancouver Firehall No. 2, circa 1915. Photo by Stuart Thomson. Item # CVA 99-2."]Vancouver Firehall No. 2, circa 1915. Photo by Stuart Thomson. Item # CVA 99-2.[/caption] In July the 1932 Coroner’s Court at 238-240 East Cordova and Firehall No. 2 (1907) at 270 East Cordova were designated Schedule A Heritage Structures by Vancouver City Council. Today, the Coroner’s Court has become the Vancouver Police Centennial Museum and the Firehall is now home to the Firehall Arts Centre. On September 14 the first phase of the Chinese Cultural Centre in Vancouver’s Chinatown opened. The Eastburn Community Centre opened at 7435 Edmonds Street in Burnaby. The Cascades Drive-In Theatre, a Burnaby landmark since August 30, 1946, closed. The site is now occupied by the Cascade Village condominium development. The Boeing plant on Sea Island was demolished. It was built in 1939 for the production of Canso and Catalina and later B-29 superfortress aircraft. At the peak of production it employed 6,000 people. The Aquatic Centre indoor pool at UBC opened at a cost of $5.4 million, largely paid by students, alumni and the community. The pool is Olympic size—50 metres long, 25 metres wide—and holds three million litres (644,000 gallons) of water. Designed for recreational and competitive use, it holds up to 738 swimmers and allows several different activities to take place at one time. Transportation The Samson V, one of a line of “snagpullers” used to keep the Fraser River's channels free of hazards, particularly deadheads, and also to maintain marker buoys and lights, was retired. It is now a New Westminster-based maritime museum portraying the history of the Fraser River. The B.C. ferry Queen of Surrey was refurbished at a cost of more than $10 million, renamed Queen of the North and put into service on the Queen Charlotte run. The ship—with 99 passengers and crew aboard—would sink after hitting a rock about 135 kilometres south of Prince Rupert on March 22, 2006. Two passengers lost their lives. All other passengers and crew were rescued. AirBC was formed when the Jim Pattison Group of investors purchased six smaller commuter airlines and amalgamated them into a larger, more efficient operation to serve destinations across western Canada (connecting B.C., Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba) and the northwestern U.S. Arts HRH Prince Charles unveiled the striking Bill Reid sculpture, Raven and the First Man, at the Museum of Anthropology. The work, commissioned by Walter and Marianne Koerner, was carved by Reid from a 4 1/2 ton block of yellow cedar formed from 106 beams. Haida people brought the sand at the base of the sculpture from the beach where the trickster Raven is said to have made his discovery of the first humans in a clam shell. The 13-minute NFB film Nails, made by Vancouver film director Philip Borsos, was nominated for an Oscar. It won the 1980 Canadian Film Award for Best Short. Barry Downs, a Vancouver architect, receives an Eaton’s B.C. Book Prize for Sacred Places, a celebration of B.C.'s early churches and church sites. Other books published in 1980 on local issues include: *A Guide to Sculpture in Vancouver, by Peggy Imredy. *The House (Convention Centre, Stadium, Rapid Transit System, etc.) that Jack Built: Mayor Jack Volrich and Vancouver politics, by Stan Persky. *Chuck Davis’ Vancouver Appointment Book, published by New Star Books, held space for a week’s appointments on one page, a brief historical vignette on the other. The historical material was from Chuck’s weekly columns in the Province. The book’s success led to two sequels. ***

A Year in Five Minutes: Vancouver 1979

July 27, 2010

[caption id="attachment_9401" align="alignleft" width="290" caption="View of Burrard Street from Pender Street in May, 1979. Item # CVA 780-45."]View of Burrard Street from Pender Street. Item # CVA 780-45.[/caption] In 1979, a former premier and a local hockey star passed away. It was also the year that the Granville Island Public Market opened and possibly the start of Hollywood North. By Chuck Davis, The History of Vancouver Photos courtesy of Vancouver Archives WAC passes On February 23, 1979 former premier W.A.C. Bennett died in Kelowna, aged 78. See a good brief biography here. On May 10 the Social Credit party was re-elected under Premier Bill Bennett, W.A.C.’s son. Granville Island Market On July 12, 1979 Granville Island Public Market opened, and became an immediate hit, one of the great Vancouver experiences. Some 10.5 million people visit the island every year now, and a big chunk of them go to the market for its meat, fish, produce, snack bars and more. It’s in a building erected by the Island’s very first tenant (1916), B.C. Equipment Ltd.  Part of the offbeat charm of that building is the travelling cranes that hang from the rafters, kept by the architects. The Island’s architecture has won design awards for Hotson Bakker, the coordinating architects, and others who worked on various projects. Whitecaps win! The Vancouver Whitecaps pounded out a dramatic win over the Tampa Bay Rowdies in New York on September 8, 1979 to win the North American Soccer League Championship. Trevor Whymark scored both goals (one off each foot) in Vancouver’s 2-1 victory. “Whymark has been,” Jim Taylor wrote, “the catalyst, the trigger, the missing piece in the marvellously improbable soccer story that has taken Vancouver by the heart and squeezed it as no other sports event has before.” 100,000 fans greeted the team on its return. Foncie Vancouver street photographer Foncie Pulice took his last picture September 27, 1979. Foncie and his Electric-Photo camera had been a familiar sight on city streets for a jaw-dropping 45 years. He’d begun as a 20-year-old away back in 1934 as an assistant to street photographer Joe Iaci, and had taken millions of photographs since. (It is quite possible Foncie Pulice photographed more people than anyone who ever lived.) “I said I’d retire at 65, and I kept my word,” he said in a November 21, 1979 interview in the Province. Foncie’s camera, made of war surplus materials, is preserved at the Vancouver Museum. It’s part of their 1950s gallery, and is accompanied by a slew of Foncie’s Fotos. Foncie Pulice was the last of the street photographers. He died January 20, 2003 at age 88, but his work lives on . . . everywhere. [caption id="attachment_9403" align="alignright" width="260" caption="Inside the CPR Station in July, 1979. Item # CVA 780-61."]Inside the CPR Station in July, 1979. Item # CVA 780-61.[/caption] End of an Era On October 27, 1979 the last scheduled passenger train departed from the CPR station at the foot of Granville Street. Trains had been arriving and leaving from this handsome building since 1912. The cliche is irresistible: It was the end of an era. For 67 years the handsome building had been the site of arrivals, reunions and farewells. Today it’s home to the SkyTrain Waterfront Station and Western Express. Also in 1979 On May 22 the Vancouver Sun won a long-running case against GATE, publishers of Gay Tide newspaper. It began in the mid-1970s when the Sun refused to run a two-line classified ad promoting Gay Tide. GATE had won a B.C. Human Rights Commission complaint and a subsequent challenge by the Sun in B.C. Supreme Court, but the decision was reversed in the B.C. Court of Appeals. Finally, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled in the Sun’s favor. [caption id="attachment_9402" align="alignleft" width="200" caption="Frederick "Cyclone" Taylor in 1919. Photo by Stuart Thomson. Item # CVA 99-778."]Frederick "Cyclone" Taylor in 1919. Photo by Stuart Thomson. Item # CVA 99-778.[/caption] On June 9 “Cyclone” Taylor, OBE, hockey player, died in Vancouver, aged 95. Frederick Wellington Taylor was born June 24, 1883 (or was it 1884, or 1885?) in Tara, Ontario. He played with the Ottawa Senators in 1909 when they won the Stanley Cup, and was the key player with the Vancouver Millionaires when they won the Cup in 1915. (They beat Ottawa in three straight games, during which Cyclone scored seven goals.) It was his speed on the ice that earned him his nickname. Richmond celebrated 100 years since incorporation as a municipality June 16 and honored its pioneers who had lived in the community for more than 60 years. Surrey Council "invites one and all" to the city’s 100th Birthday Party Centennial Week at Bear Creek Park August 6. The Province first appeared on a Sunday August 12, 1979. The Village of Belcarra was incorporated August 22, 1979. It covers just over five-and-a-half square kilometres, and the population is an estimated 2,000. It’s policed by the Coquitlam Detachment of the RCMP, and there is the Sasamat Volunteer Fire Department. In August 1979 Richmond hosted the three-day 1979 B.C. Summer Games, the first to include disabled athletes. Kent Prison in Agassiz opened in August. This maximum security institution houses 313 (original capacity 234) prisoners. Inmates are kept under a constant level of high surveillance. More than  half of the prison population are housed in the protective custody wing, separated from the regular population for the duration of their sentences. In October 1979 Presentation House on the North Shore presented Eric Nicol's two-act comedy, Free at Last. The Steveston Museum opened December 16 in a 1905 building, which had been a bank, then a doctors office. The Steveston Historical Society also operates a post-office there. In The Province for December 21 Consumer Alert columnist Chuck Poulsen wrote, “In a month or so, supermarkets should be serving up a large batch of rabbits for sale. Chinese rabbits. For Canada Packers, it will be the first test run of the low-cost, imported rabbits which are expected to sell for about half the price of the B.C. bunnies. The Chinese rabbits will be coming at a time when a government survey predicts that we'd eat rabbits faster than they multiply if there was a reasonable supply and the price wasn't too much higher than chicken.” The Office of the Ombudsman was established this year by provincial legislation. The Ombudsman receives inquiries and complaints about the practices and services provided by public bodies. He or she can investigate to determine if the public body is being fair to the people it serves. Tsutae and Hanako Sato, who together ran the Vancouver Japanese Language School (from 1906 to 1942), established scholarships in Japanese studies at UBC.  In 1978 Tsutae Sato was awarded the Order of Canada. Ballard Power Systems was created in 1979. Dr. Geoffrey Ballard developed the fuel cell technology that led to the creation of the company, but would leave it in 1997. In 1999, with Paul Howard, he would form the company General Hydrogen. Time Magazine would name him a Hero of the Planet in 1999. He said, at a recent conference, “It will take a combined effort of academia, government, and industry to bring about the change from a gasoline economy to a hydrogen economy. The forces are building and progress is being made. It is of major importance that a change of this magnitude not be forced on unwilling participants, but that all of us work together for an economically viable path to change.” [caption id="attachment_9404" align="alignleft" width="330" caption="The Maple Leaf schooner under construction. Item # Bo P176.3."]The Maple Leaf schooner under construction. Item # Bo P176.3.[/caption] The wooden auxiliary schooner Maple Leaf began to provide educational/environmental cruises between the Gulf of Georgia and Alaska. She is the oldest B.C. vessel in the Canada Registry of Ships. She was built at Vancouver Shipyard in Coal Harbour in 1904 for lumber baron Alexander McLaren, and was the first vessel to fly the colors of the Royal Vancouver Yacht Club in an open race. (From 1916 to 1979 she was used in the halibut fishery under the names Constance B and Parma.) The provincial government sold the buses it inherited from the BC Electric Company to Pacific Coach Lines. Hassan Khosrowshahi and his family fled Iran during the Ayatollah Khomeini unrest and came to Vancouver. He opened a small office equipment shop on West Broadway. In 1983 he will incorporate Future Shop Ltd. and build it into a giant Canadian enterprise, employing more than 10,000 people in 90 locations across Canada. Svend Robinson was elected MP for Burnaby-Douglas, the youngest member of the NDP caucus (born March 4, 1952). Pauline Jewett was elected as an NDP Member of Parliament for New Westminster-Coquitlam. She will serve in that capacity until 1988. George Laverock became the producer for programs featuring the CBC Vancouver Orchestra, and the orchestra would go on to become the most recorded in Canada. Central Mortgage and Housing Corporation got a new name: Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation. Vancouver city council reinstated Joe Philliponi’s licence to run the Penthouse. On December 31, 1975, the club had been closed by the vice squad, and in 1977 Philliponi was charged with living off prostitution but the conviction was quashed. These books appeared in 1979. Details on their writers can be found here. * Son of Socred, by Stan Persky. Persky’s first book asked in its subtitle: Has Bill Bennett’s Government Gotten BC Moving Again? * Exploring the Coast by Boat, by Freda Van der Ree, was a comprehensive guidebook to 51 boating areas in the Strait of Georgia and Puget Sound. It has had numerous printings since this first appearance. Van der Ree travelled extensively with her family, both under power and under sail, in both summer and winter. * The Delta Centenary, 1879-1979: a Pictorial Review of Delta's First One Hundred Years, Corporation of Delta. * Above the Sand Heads: First Hand Accounts of Pioneering in the Area Which, in 1879, Became the Municipality of Delta, British Columbia.  Narrated by T. Ellis Ladner; prepared for publication by Edna G. Ladner. * Richmond, Child of the Fraser by  Leslie J. Ross under the direction of the Historical Committee of the Richmond '79 Centennial Society * Saints: The story of St. George's School for Boys by Douglas E. Harker. * Empire of Time, the first in Crawford Kilian’s Chronoplane Wars science fiction trilogy. It was described by one reviewer as “a nifty page turner about a physically and mentally augmented James Bond type.” Michael Walsh, long-time film critic for The Province, gave us The Canadian Movie Quiz Book. Raincoast Books was established. This company would, in the future, gain the rights to Canadian publication of the Harry Potter books. That would turn out rather well for them. See here for their website. Several periodicals began in 1979: * International History Review, a quarterly from Simon Fraser University, examining relations between all states throughout history * Musick, a quarterly produced by the Vancouver Society for Early Music. It covers medieval, Renaissance, baroque and classical music * Uptrend: Canadian Penny Market Newsletter was published every three weeks by Yorkton Continental Securities Inc. * Wildlife Rescue, a quarterly for members of the Wildlife Rescue Association of British Columbia. It reviews the organization's activities in wildlife rehabilitation and education. The movie A Man, A Woman And A Bank, directed by Noel Black, is described by Michael Walsh as “a caper comedy with a Gastown setting. Its focus is on two high-tech robbers (Donald Sutherland, Paul Mazursky) and the non-technical distractions provided by a local beauty (Brooke Adams).” The movie Prophecy, directed by John Frankenheimer, appeared. Wrote Michael Walsh: “Though caused by industrial pollution, the horrific mutations that an environmental scientist (Robert Foxworth) encounters in the Maine woods also fulfill local Native American legends.”  The Internet Movie Database says about this movie: “Filmed in British Columbia in 1978, Prophecy marked the beginning of ‘Hollywood North,’ the major start to the development of a massive film production business in Vancouver and other parts of the province of British Columbia, in Canada. Since then hundreds of ‘American’ movies have been filmed in the Canadian province.” Bird of Spring, a bronze sculpture by Etungat, an Inuit artist, was placed at Robson Square (on the stairway near the Art Gallery). The sculpture is a recreation of a tiny 14-cm original by Etungat. The 460-seat Arts Club Theatre: Mainstage opened in 1979 at 1585 Johnston Street on Granville Island. The Arts Club became one of the earliest landmarks on Granville Island and a personal triumph for Managing Director Bill Millerd who had always dreamed of having a theatre on the waterfront. Now the theatre is home base for a company with three theatres and an adjoining lounge. The company regularly tours its shows throughout the province. The 240-seat Waterfront Theatre opened in 1979 at 1410 Cartwright on Granville Island. This was originally the home of Carousel Theatre, the New Play Centre (now Playwrights Theatre) and the now defunct Westcoast Actors. The Waterfront is now primarily a rental venue and home to Carousel, which produces three shows for family audiences each year. The David Y.H. Lui Theatre, opened by Lui in 1975, closed. During its brief, but notable, life theatre goers enjoyed major appearances by Dame Joan Sutherland, the National Ballet of Canada, The Royal Winnipeg Ballet and others. The building later became a nightclub, Richard’s on Richards. Arts Umbrella began. To quote its web site: “Since our inception in 1979 with only 45 students, Arts Umbrella has grown to now reach more than 30,000 young people annually. Our Granville Island facility hosts more than 260 classes each week, ranging from general courses to pre-professional training in theatre, dance, painting, sculpture, architecture, film, new media, photography, and more.” A study showed that Surrey had become “Vancouver's bedroom,” as more than 50 per cent of its residents worked elsewhere. In 1879 almost everyone who lived in Surrey worked there. Vancouver's new courthouse and Robson Square complex, designed by Arthur Erickson, was  completed. The complex changed the face of downtown. North Vancouver High School closed, having served the community for 69 years. On the closure of the school the new gym, named after Principal Mickey McDougall, became part of the North Vancouver Recreation Centre. In White Rock Tom Kirstein, a chartered accountant, and a friend, Chip Barrett, wondered aloud: why not have a sandcastle competition? That led to White Rock’s famous Great Canadian Open Sandcastle Competition. With prizes amounting to $10,000, and scores of teams competing, the annual event drew international attention, attracting crowds estimated at 150,000 to the waterfront. Unfortunately, by 1987, community dismay at the crush of people, unruly elements, and rising police costs would force the cancellation of the competition. Greenpeace began to go international. Greenpeace organizations in Australia, Canada, France, Holland, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States formed Stichting Greenpeace. Today, Greenpeace International is  headquartered in Amsterdam. The International Plaza Towers were built, at 71.6 metres and 26 storeys the tallest buildings in North Vancouver District. Nathan T. Nemetz became Chief Justice of British Columbia. He will hold the post until 1988. George Pedersen became president of Simon Fraser University. He will hold the post until 1983. During his tenure part-time studies for mature students and the school of engineering science, which concentrates on new technology, began. He also launched cooperation with BCIT to establish downtown classes in rented office space. The Continuing Education Division of Vancouver Community College introduced a Court Interpreting program, the first of its kind in Canada. A totem pole carved by Don Yeomans, a Haida native and a graduate of Langara's fine arts program, was erected near the college's main entrance. Terry Fox began to participate in a in a wheelchair-basketball team, after being recruited by Rick Hansen. Part of Terry's self-designed exercise routine was pushing his chair up Gaglardi Way, a long, steep climb up Burnaby Mountain toward Simon Fraser University at the top. Police seized a little brown book at the apartment of a well-known Vancouver prostitute. In it were 800 names of men, a who's who of high society, including a high-ranking member of the B.C. judiciary. Wendy King pleaded guilty to keeping a bawdy house and was fined $1,500. But the notebook was sealed by a B.C. Supreme Court Judge, the names never revealed. Bobby Ackles, assistant general manager of the BC Lions, was promoted to general manager. He will hold that title until 1986. *** Chuck Davis is a Vancouver writer who has written, co-written, or edited 15 books. Most of them are on local history, and he describes his next book, The History of Metropolitan Vancouver, as the capstone of his career.

A Year in Five Minutes: Vancouver 1978

July 19, 2010

[caption id="attachment_9296" align="alignleft" width="290" caption="The 100-block of East Pender Street in April 1978. Item # CVA 780-470."]The 100-block of East Pender Street in April 1978. Item # CVA 780-470.[/caption] This year laid the groundwork for the biggest event in Vancouver at the time. A famous restaurateur also passed away and the Whitecaps had a record-breaking season in 1978. By Chuck Davis, The History of Vancouver Photos courtesy of Vancouver Archives Expo! In the fall of 1978 three British Columbians were sipping coffee in the anteroom of the Cavalry Club in London, England. Social Credit cabinet minster Grace McCarthy wanted “something dramatic” for Vancouver's centennial in 1986, eight years in the future. (“Could we borrow the Mona Lisa?” was one of her first ideas.) Lawrie Wallace, Agent General for British Columbia at the time, knew that the third person in the group—Patrick Reid, then running Canada House—was also president of the Paris-based International Bureau of Expositions. The BIE, to give it its French initials, had awarded the hugely successful Expo 67 to Montreal. “Why couldn't Vancouver have one?” Eight years and $1.5 billion later—despite some loud nay-sayings and union strikes during construction in 1984 that nearly cancelled the whole event—what began as Transpo 86 would go on to claim success as Expo 86. Some 22 million tickets were sold. Newspaper strike On November 1, 1978 The Province and The Vancouver Sun were closed by a labor dispute. They would not resume publication until June 26, 1979, just under eight months. The Province lost 16 persons from its editorial department, the Sun eight, including columnist Doug Collins, who joined The Daily Courier, and sportswriter Jim Taylor, who later joined the Province. The union newspaper The Vancouver Express was launched to fill the gap. Nat Bailey passes [caption id="attachment_9297" align="alignright" width="300" caption="A White Spot float in 1936. Photo by Stuart Thomson. Item # CVA 99-4469."]A White Spot float in 1936. Photo by Stuart Thomson. Item # CVA 99-4469.[/caption] Nat Bailey, restaurateur, White Spot founder, died in Vancouver March 27, aged 76. Nathaniel Ryal Bailey was born January 31, 1902 in Saint Paul, Minnesota. His itinerant family arrived from Seattle in 1911. “At 18,” writes Constance Brissenden, “Nat moved his peanut stand to Athletic Park, and later served Sunday drivers at Lookout Point from a 1918 Model T truck. A customer's shout, ‘Why don't you bring it to us?’ inspired the first White Spot drive-in, which opened in June 1928 at Granville and West 67th Avenue. From 1930 into the 1960s, his second wife, Eva (née Ouelette) co-managed his restaurants. In 1968 13 White Spots and other interests were sold by the Baileys to General Foods for $6.5 million. Nat Bailey Stadium is named for him, as a lifelong promoter of local baseball.” Read Triple-O, The White Spot Story by Constance Brissenden. On April 2, the Vancouver Parks Board voted to rename Capilano Stadium after Nat Bailey. First Vietnamese arrive The first 15 Vietnamese refugees from the Hai Hong arrived in Vancouver in November 1978. The Hai Hong, journalist Kevin Griffin wrote, was a “rusty old  freighter anchored off the coast of  Malaysia, unable to unload its human cargo. Hung over the side of the boat was a sign in English: ‘Please Rescue Us.’ Captured by television news cameras, it was an image that showed up on TV sets in living rooms in Europe, the U.S. and Canada. Images of hungry and homeless refugees stuck on what amounted to a floating casket also tweaked the conscience of thousands of Canadians. Vancouverites were no different . . . Former Saigon resident Tzee Kok Wu told of leaving in such secrecy that he was contacted about the boat's departure only an hour before it left. Wu and his four brothers and sisters made it in time but their parents were delayed a half hour and were left behind. Wu told of being so crowded aboard the boat, he could only sit because there wasn't enough space to lie down. Of the 2,500 refugees crammed aboard the Hai Hong, about 600 arrived in Canada; 150 eventually arrived in Vancouver.” Bryan Adams After being hounded by a young North Vancouver singer who insisted Bruce Allen become his manager, in 1978 Allen finally acquiesced. Good move. The young man was Bryan Adams, still a major star more than 30 years later. Billy Bishop Billy Bishop Goes to War, playwright-composer John Gray's two-man musical about Canada's World War One flying legend, opened November 11, 1978 at the Vancouver East Cultural Centre. It starred Gray and Eric Peterson (who played 21 different parts), and became a huge hit. Says the online Canadian Encyclopedia of Music: “The musical brought Gray the 1981 Los Angeles Drama Critics' Award, the 1982 Chalmers Canadian Play Award, and the 1983 Governor General's Award for drama, as well as an Actra award for best television program. Billy Bishop Goes To War remains one of the most popular of Canadian musicals.” The Whitecaps The Vancouver Whitecaps finished the 1978 season with an NASL best 24-6 first place finish—which included winning the season’s last 13 games in a row. The Whitecaps were drawing crowds of close to 30,000 at Empire Stadium. Gold for Debbie Debbie Brill won gold this year in the World Cup of track and field at Montreal. Emily Carr The Vancouver School of Art, newly independent from Vancouver Community College, was renamed the Emily Carr College of Art. The new name was not a unanimous choice. Painter Gordon Smith, a former student and teacher at the school, was among those who opposed naming it after Emily Carr. Smith was on the school's board at the time, and says there had been fear that no one would know who Carr was. Many students also opposed the idea, and protested against it. But today the name has become happily accepted. “In retrospect, I think it was a good idea,” says Smith. “Emily Carr was one of the greatest artists in Canada. Her name has become synonymous with the school.” Also in 1978 On January 1 the 58th annual Polar Bear Swim was the biggest to date, with 1,000 participants and 20,000 spectators. Also on January 1, Canada's first Native Indian Citizenship Judge, Marjorie Cantryn, swore in 30 new Canadians in Whalley in Surrey. To mark the opening of its new cultural centre on Grandview Highway, on February 3 Vancouver’s Italian community staged a Carnevale Italiano. (The Centre opened September 25, 1977). The number of Greek immigrants to Vancouver doubled through the 1960s, and that eventually led to the construction of the Hellenic Cultural Community Centre. The centre opened  February 12, 1978 next door to  St. George's Greek Orthodox Church on Arbutus Street. Also on February 12 Vancouver's Variety Club Telethon raised $1,152,000, a world record for any telethon sponsored by Variety. On February 14 Harry Ornest announced his new Pacific Coast League baseball team would be called the Vancouver Canadians.  The Canadians made their home debut April 26. They beat the San Jose Missions 9-4 before a crowd of 7,128 in newly-named Nat Bailey Stadium. On March 30 Doug Little marked 41 years at city hall, most latterly as Vancouver City Clerk.  He would be succeeded in the latter post by Bob Henry. Henry Bell-Irving was sworn May 18 in as B.C.’s lieutenant governor, succeeding Walter Owen. The first Vancouver Children’s Festival began May 29 in big, colorful tents at Vanier Park. Since the festival began, more than 1.5 million children have attended. In July Brock House, a big handsome mansion built in 1911 at 3875 Point Grey Road, was declared a Heritage Building by the City of Vancouver. In 1952 the owners at that time sold the building to the federal government, and until 1971 it served as the RCMP’s Vancouver Sub-Division Headquarters. On May 1, 1975, the property was turned over by the Federal Government to the City of Vancouver as part of the transfer of the Jericho Waterfront Lands. Since 1977 the house and grounds have been leased to Brock House Society from the Vancouver Board of Parks and Recreation. The first Vancouver Folk Music Festival opened August 11 in Stanley Park. To quote the Canadian Encyclopedia web site: “The [three-day] festival was founded by Mitch Podolak and Colin Gorrie of the Winnipeg Folk Festival, and Ernie Fladell and Fran Fitzgibbon of Vancouver's social planning department through its Heritage Festival Society, and Gary Cristall, who co-ordinated this first festival . . . It has avoided the promotion of star performers but attendance has averaged about 30,000 annually, making this one of Canada's most successful folk festivals.” Gary Cristall would be associated with the festival from its beginning to 1995. An Air West Airlines Twin Otter crash September 3 in Coal Harbour killed 11 people, nine of the 11 passengers and both crew members. Jack Webster, whose radio talk show (CKNW) was a ratings force for years, started doing the same thing October 2 on television at BCTV. The new New Westminster library opened in October, 1978. [caption id="attachment_9298" align="alignleft" width="320" caption="The Stanley Park Pavilion, circa 1912. Item # SGN 95."]The Stanley Park Pavilion, circa 1912. Item # SGN 95.[/caption] In October the 1911 Stanley Park Pavilion was designated a Schedule A Heritage Building by the City of Vancouver. Dr. Patricia Baird became the head of the Department of Medical Genetics at the University of British Columbia this year. Under her leadership, the department grew from a small group of pioneer scientists and clinicians to an internationally known resource. She was the first woman to chair a clinical medical school department at UBC, and the first woman to be elected to the Board of Governors. Her medical genetics course, regularly voted the best course by UBC medical students, was an outstanding model for teaching genetics to physicians of the future. The American Society of Human Genetics has used this model in the development of medical genetics courses for medical students in North America. Jim Kinnaird, who had been the assistant deputy minister of labor in the NDP government, was elected president of the B.C. Federation of Labor. He was credited with uniting the divided body, would serve three terms as leader of 250,000 unionized workers. The British Columbia Film Commission was formed in 1978.  The making of movies in BC had accelerated, and the function of the commission would be to promote and market B.C. to the world as a film, television and commercial location, and to use the province’s skilled professionals in their productions, both before and behind the cameras. The Commission operates within the B.C. Trade Development Corporation and maintains extensive photo files of locations, assists producers with budgeting and production scheduling, acts as a liaison for production companies and handles inquiries from the public. Musicologist Ida Halpern, a potent force on the local music scene and the first person to study the music of West Coast native people, was made a Member of the Order of Canada. The Vancouver Canucks revamped their uniforms, changing the team colors from the original blue, green and white (with hockey stick logo) to a yellow, orange and black outfit that looked, wrote Mark Leiren-Young, “like a bad set of pajamas.” A San Francisco marketing firm claimed it would strike fear into the hearts of opponents, but, says Mark, “all it induced was giggles and they soon switched to a more subdued uniform— although they did keep the speeding skate logo.” The Ocean Engineering Centre opened at BC Research on the UBC campus. The centre is consulted frequently by naval architects and ship builders. They use a 67-metre-long towing tank here as an interactive design tool allowing them to optimize hull lines. Tests of models have examined the performance of tugs, barges, planing hulls, sailboats, offshore supply boats, hydrofoils, ferries, catamarans and even submarines. The Centre also gets into the movies: a large wave basin (30.5 metres long) there has proven to be ideal as an aquatic sound stage. It includes a 32-ton wave maker. “Here accurate models of entire harbors and shorelines can be constructed and subjected to scaled-down tempests.” Features filmed on location at OEC include The First Season, Jason Takes Manhattan, and The Sea Wolf. (The basin's water was warmed in the latter film for star Charles Bronson.) Edmonton-born (February 14, 1923) I.K. “Ike” Barber, after a quarter century in the forest industry, formed his own company: Slocan Forest Products Ltd. Sales were $23 million, and eventually reached nearly $1 billion. Slocan employed more than 4,000 people, including contractors, and won awards for its sustainable forestry practices. Barber will become a prominent philanthropist, and will make a $20 million donation to UBC to help establish the Irving K. Barber Learning Centre in the university’s old main library. Barber would retire in 2002. Entrepreneur Brent Davies leased the Teahouse at Ferguson Point in Stanley Park. (On May 5, 2004 he will rename it the Sequoia Grill.)  The Teahouse was built in 1938, just prior to the Second World War, as an officers' mess for a military defense garrison, staffed by the 15th Coast Artillery Regiment. After the war, the city operated it as a summer teahouse. The Vancouver Maritime Museum purchased the Thomas F. Bayard, a two-masted schooner  built in New York in 1880 as a pilot ship. The Museum planned a major restoration of the vessel. After its years as a pilot ship in Delaware Bay (Bayard was a Delaware senator, later the U.S. Secretary of State), the Bayard became a Gold Rush freighter, running between Puget Sound and Alaska from 1898 to 1906, then a seal hunter out of Victoria from 1907 to 1911. Its most lasting fame was as the Sandheads #16 lightship at the mouth of the Fraser River from 1913 to 1957 (another source gives 1955), a remarkable service of more than 40 years. Richard Bonynge’s years as artistic director of Vancouver Opera ended. “The Bonynge years (1974-78),” music critic Ray Chatelin wrote, “began with great promise and ended with the last half of the 1977-78 season being cancelled because of mounting debt. Bonynge, though often mired in controversy about finances and programming, changed the direction of the company. He created his own orchestra and established a resident training program, both which are foundations of the current operation.” He was succeeded by Hamilton McClymont. John Avison, originator and conductor of the CBC Vancouver Orchestra, was named a Member of the Order of Canada. Punchlines, Western Canada's first comedy club, opened in the basement of the Queen Elizabeth Theatre. Founder Rich Elwood would later move the club to Gastown where it lasted to 1995. Greenpeace bought its own ship, a converted North Sea trawler, Sir Williams Hardy, renamed it the Rainbow Warrior and began to campaign against whaling in Iceland and Spain. The book The Salish People appeared. It consisted of the field reports of ethnologist Charles Hill-Tout (1858-1944), collected by Ralph Maud. Hill-Tout was a devoted amateur anthropologist, and wrote much on the Salish. The book Heritage Fights Back by Marc Denhez appeared. Much of the book was dedicated to the fight to save the Gastown area—at a time when the civic, provincial and federal levels of government were in favor of demolishing it for massive redevelopment. A decision was made to switch to the use of natural gas only at the Burrard Thermal plant—the  six tall stacks emitting steam just west of the Ioco refinery on the north shore of Burrard Inlet. The plant, completed in 1963, was designed to burn either crude oil or natural gas. High pressure steam is passed through turbines to generate electricity—almost 7,000 gigawatt-hours of electricity a year, enough for 700,000 homes, if needed. The provincial government asked Vancouver financial consultants Brown Farris & Jefferson Ltd. to study how investors fared on the Vancouver Stock Exchange. “The odds of losing, overall, are 84%—about five times out of six,” the study concluded. “The chances of investors doubling their money each year for more than four years by buying and holding an issue appear to be nil.” [caption id="attachment_9299" align="alignright" width="330" caption="Erecting the Throne of Nezahualcoyotl in July, 1978. Item # CVA 1502-545."]Erecting the Throne of Nezahualcoyotl in July, 1978. Item # CVA 1502-545.[/caption] The Mexican government presented the sculpture Throne of Nezahualcoyotl, by Ted Sebastian, to the International Stone Sculpture Symposium. Placed (appropriately) in VanDusen Botanical Garden, it depicts the Aztec prince Nezahualcoyotl who found inspiration in flowers. The book Pioneers, Pedlars, and Prayer Shawls: The Jewish Communities in British Columbia and the Yukon by Cyril Leonoff appeared, published by Sono Nis Press. The Douglas College council approved a downtown New Westminster site for the college's first permanent campus. The campus at Royal Avenue and Eighth Street would be completed in the fall of 1982 and officially opened the following spring. A permanent residence (replacing temporary quarters) was built on the BCIT campus. It consisted of five low-rise houses and accommodated up to 250 students. The Surrey Story, by G. Fern Treleaven, which had originally appeared in smaller separate parts, was published as a book by the Surrey Museum and Historical Society. It told the story of Surrey up to that point, frequently in the words of the city’s pioneers. Vancouver, a history of the city by Eric Nicol, appeared, published by Doubleday. On my travels around Canada and the US, I often pop into public libraries and check to see what books on Vancouver they stock. This is the title most often seen. Poet Peter Trower’s Ragged Horizons was a retrospective collection of his earlier works. Geoff Meggs became editor of the United Fishermen and Allied Workers Union's The Fisherman, the oldest and largest circulation west coast fishing industry publication. SFU English professor John Mills published Skevington's Daughter. The movie The Other Side Of The Mountain, Part 2 (Director Larry Peerce) was released.  Overcoming her fear of commitment, paraplegic Jill Kinmont (Marilyn Hassett) marries a sensitive truck driver (Timothy Bottoms) and passes through Vancouver on her way to a Vancouver Island honeymoon. Quintessence Records—an outgrowth of Ted Thomas' Kitsilano record store of the same name—became a focal point for the emerging punk and new wave scene, and introduced bands such as The Pointed Sticks and Young Canadians. Charitable casinos were first permitted in BC. A number of new periodicals appeared in 1978. They included: B C Runner, a quarterly published by the Seawall Running Society. Canadian Holistic Healing Association Newsletter, a quarterly. Consulting Engineers of British Columbia: Commentary, a quarterly for the membership of the Consulting Engineers of British Columbia. It offered industry profiles, selection procedures, awards for engineering excellence, export activity, sector articles, etc. Indo Canadian Times, a weekly with text in Punjabi, a free suburban publication. The Link, the first Indo-Canadian English paper to be published in Vancouver, appeared as a biweekly. Online - Onward, an irregular (approx. eight times a year) publication of the Vancouver Online Users Group. It covered events and information of interest to local librarians and others who worked with computerized information retrieval and database management systems. Pacific Report Newsletter, a semi-annual free publication of the Canadian Cancer Society, B.C. and Yukon Division. Transmitter, published six times a year by the Telecommunications Workers Union, a free telephone union newsletter. West Coast Libertarian, a bi-monthly publication of the Greater Vancouver Libertarian Association, first appeared. Ben Wosk, furniture and appliance merchant, and community activist (Schara Tzedeck synagogue, B.C. Heart Foundation, Vancouver Epilepsy Centre, Boy Scouts and others), was named a Member of the Order of Canada. Tsutae Sato, educator, was awarded the Order of Canada. He and his wife Hanako ran the Vancouver Japanese Language School from 1906 to 1942. *** Chuck Davis is a Vancouver writer who has written, co-written, or edited 15 books. Most of them are on local history, and he describes his next book, The History of Metropolitan Vancouver, as the capstone of his career.

A Year in Five Minutes: Vancouver 1977

July 12, 2010

[caption id="attachment_9228" align="alignleft" width="290" caption="A view of downtown Vancouver from Cambie Bridge in June 1977. Photo courtesy of Vancouver Archives. Item # CVA 780-1."]A view of downtown Vancouver from Cambie Bridge in June 1977. Photo courtesy of Vancouver Archives. Item # CVA 780-1.[/caption] It was 1977 that the SeaBus started sailing, Terry Fox's life was changed forever and two important cultural centres opened. By Chuck Davis, The History of Vancouver Ferries The British Columbia Ferry Corporation (“BC Ferries”) was established January 1, 1977 as a provincial Crown Corporation, successor to the British Columbia Ferry Authority. Terry Fox On March 9 an 18-year-old Port Coquitlam student and star basketball player, Terry Fox, lost his right leg to osteogenic sarcoma. While he was in hospital waiting for the operation to remove his cancerous leg, Terry's basketball coach Terri Fleming gave him a sports magazine that included a profile on a one-legged runner named Dick Traum who had competed in the New York Marathon. The Traum story inspired Terry, the night before the amputation of his leg, to take on a challenge that would eventually raise tens of millions of dollars for cancer research. His goal was to run across the country and receive one dollar in donations from every Canadian. As every Canadian knows, he accomplished that and much much more. The Orpheum Vancouver’s restored Orpheum Theatre opened April 2, 1977 with a special concert as the new home of the Vancouver Symphony Orchestra. Reaction to the refurbished theatre was wonderfully positive. The design architect was Vancouver’s Paul Merrick. Mayor Volrich Jack Volrich became mayor this year, succeeding Art Phillips. He was born in Anyox, B.C. “Volrich,” wrote Donna Jean McKinnon in The Greater Vancouver Book, “was a founding member of TEAM, but his priorities and outlook seemed more in keeping with the free-enterprise mayors of previous years. He considered running as an independent in his second bid for office, and later still was a member of both the Progressive Conservative and Social Credit parties. Volrich was fiscally conservative and presented a stabilizing force and return to the old values in the midst of social ferment. He re-introduced much of the pomp and ceremony to the mayor's office, yet could be wooden and humorless.” Volrich died May 31, 2010. Wasserman dies On April 6 Jack Wasserman, Sun columnist and broadcaster, died in Vancouver, aged 50. He was born February 17, 1927 in Winnipeg. He came to Vancouver with his family in 1935, aged 8. He dropped out of law school to take a reporter's job with the Ubyssey. Wasserman graduated from UBC (1949), and joined the Vancouver Sun, becoming a police reporter. Legend has it that he was covering the 1951 royal visit of Princess Elizabeth and Prince Philip somewhere in the Interior (before their arrival in Vancouver) and, rushed for time, simply phoned in his notes. The notes were so good, the story goes, the Sun ran them verbatim. Then, starting May 12, 1954, they gave him a man-about-town column, and he hit his stride. His column on “the second front page” of the afternoon paper, often detailing the city’s underbelly, became a hugely popular feature. Vancouver Centre Vancouver Centre was officially opened June 8. At 481 feet (146.6 m) it was the tallest building in Vancouver at the time. There’s a funny story related to its construction. Jeff Veniot, a young tour guide, happened to be going by the construction site one day and saw the building’s lofty mast lying on the ground, waiting to be lifted into place. Jeff whipped out an indelible pen and wrote his name and the date on the top of the mast. Later he watched in pleasure as the mast was lifted atop the building. For a time, his name was the highest in the city. This is the building housing at its top The Lookout, a big circular room through which visitors stroll to enjoy dramatic panoramic views of the city. It opened August 13 with a special guest. Neil Armstrong, first man on the moon, ascended to the top in one of the building’s famed outdoor glassed-in elevators, and left a cast of his footprint as an official memento of the opening. It was on display there for many years, then somehow was broken. There is a revolving restaurant one floor below, and, on lower floors, this building houses the downtown campus of Simon Fraser University. [caption id="attachment_9229" align="alignright" width="320" caption="The SeaBus sailing to Vancouver. Photo by camerafiend, Wikipedia."]The SeaBus sailing to Vancouver. Photo by camerafiend, Wikipedia.[/caption] The SeaBus The first SeaBus went into service June 17, 1977. As the population of the North Shore grew, so did the demand for a “third crossing” of Burrard Inlet to ease the pressure of traffic on the two bridges. Instead of a third bridge or a tunnel, the SeaBus appeared. It was a high-speed marine passenger service. Built completely in British Columbia, SeaBus was the first marine transit service of its kind in the world. Each of the catamaran-style SeaBus ferries was 34 metres long, with a capacity of 400 passengers. Constructed of lightweight aluminum, the vessels were powered by four diesel engines with a cruising speed of 11.5 knots. (Terminal to terminal: 12 minutes.) Highly maneuverable, the double-ended ferries could move in any direction and turn in their own length. Italian Cultural Centre The Italian Cultural Centre opened in the summer of 1977 in east Vancouver on Slocan at the Grandview Highway. The official opening was September 25. The Centre, built mostly by volunteers, included a restaurant, banquet hall, art gallery, daycare centre, television production centre, and even an indoor bocce court. Every summer, the Centre hosts a week-long Italian festival. The Italian-born Anna Terrana of Burnaby, later the MP for Vancouver East, was a strong force behind the construction. The Steam Clock The Gastown Steam Clock was dedicated September 24, 1977. It had started as a solution for the problem of steam venting into the Gastown air from the Central Heat Distribution Plant, which supplies steam to hundreds of downtown buildings . . . and which vents excess steam through manholes here and there throughout the downtown. Jon Ellis, the city’s planner for the Gastown area, had the notion to have clockmaker Ray Saunders devise a steam-powered clock. It’s easily the most-photographed object in Vancouver even if (pssst!) it isn’t really steam-powered and, we learned within the last few years, never was. The ‘Cultch’ The Vancouver East Cultural Centre opened in a building that had been Grandview Methodist (subsequently United) Church. The church had closed its doors in 1967. “It was adapted,” writes Harold Kalman, “to become a theatre, recital hall and community facility for the neighborhood. Founding director Christopher Wootten co-ordinated municipal, provincial, and federal support programs to make the ambitious project happen. The intimate audience chamber, with its good sight-lines and acoustics and a feeling of warmth, and seating for up to 350, has made ‘The Cultch’ a popular performing-arts venue that attracts people from far beyond East Vancouver.” GVIRS The Community Information Centre (which had started as the Community Information Service) became an independent United Way agency this year and acquired a new name, the Greater Vancouver Information and Referral Service (GVIRS, pronounced ‘Jeevers’ by its friends). Because Vancouver’s neighborhood centres had shrunk from 35 to just seven municipal/regional centres, GVIRS went back to providing direct service to the public. One of its services was The Red Book. This directory to various social and other services began to be published annually this year because of the rapid change in information about services. (70 per cent of the listings changed each year.) Today, GVIRS is Information Services Vancouver. Also in 1977 The Wreck Beach Preservation Society began operation January 25, 1977, fighting to keep the clothing-optional beach untouched by development on the lands above the beach. See their web site here. In January, newspaper executive Erwin Swangard, 69, was appointed president of the Pacific National Exhibition, a post he would hold for 13 consecutive annual terms. He came to be known as “Mr. PNE.” Mission Institution opened in January, a full-service medium security facility, the first built as part of the B.C. Penitentiary decentralization plan. It is “home” to about 275 male offenders. Marjorie Cantryn became a judge February 16, the first native Indian woman in BC to be so appointed. The Heritage Festival began in June. This was an offshoot of Festival Habitat, a city-sponsored music, drama and dance event that ran during the UN Habitat conference, and that had actually generated a surplus of $40,000. Maurice Egan, the Director of Social Planning and his planner-cum-festival producer, Ernie Fladell, were urged by music critic Ian Docherty to replicate its success. Renamed the Heritage Festival and organized in cooperation with the VSO and CBC Radio, the event again succeeded in attracting large audiences for music, drama and dance—and yet another surplus. Vancouver summer entertainment, which had previously revolved around the PNE and Theatre Under The Stars, was never to be the same again. The last of Vancouver’s little cab companies went August 17, when the 10-car Forum Empress Taxi Co. was purchased by Yellow Cab. Forum Empress, its 10 company and nine privately-owned cars operating from a converted house at 2053 East Hastings St., had formed when the Grandview, Forum, Empress and Hastings services amalgamated in 1964. The British Columbia Resources Investment Corporation, or BCRIC (pronounced brick) came into being August 23. It was a holding company formed under the government of Premier Bill Bennett. BCRIC took over ownership of various sawmills and mines that had been bought and/or bailed out by the provincial government. It would come to grief in 1979. More details when we get that year up. Lansdowne Park shopping mall opened September 14 in Richmond. L’Ecole Bilingue Elementary school was born in September, a renaming of Cecil Rhodes School. This was one of the first French bilingual schools in the province, created because many Vancouver parents wanted a French immersion school. On October 18 Willy de Roos—a Dutchman living in Belgium—arrived off Point Grey in his 13-metre steel ketch Williwaw. He had come (east to west) through the Northwest Passage, in the smallest boat ever to make the journey. It was also the first time a sailing vessel had made that voyage since Amundsen in 1906. From a review of his 1980 book North-West Passage comes this: “Countless seamen have risked—and many lost—their lives in the polar seas in their search for the North-West Passage. In 1977, when Willy de Roos set out from Falmouth in his 13-metre steel ketch Williwaw, he had the advantage of all the accrued information gathered by previous explorers, but the challenge of the North-West Passage was scarcely less awesome: the compass useless in Arctic waters, the charted depths not wholly reliable, the destructive cold and sleeplessness (for most of the passage was conducted single-handed) which sapped his strength, and above all, the unpredictable movement of the pack-ice, which constantly risked trapping him without means of escape before the brief arctic summer ended.” Harry Ornest won a PCL franchise in the fall of 1977. He will put the Triple-A Vancouver Canadians on the field in 1978. See more when that year is up. CKO-FM 96.1 signed on November 21 as part of the CKO national news network. The network, which grew to eight stations in major Canadian cities, including Vancouver, would last until 1989. The first World’s Worst Art auction occurred November 25, 1977. This became a strange and funny annual event. It’s nicely described by Elizabeth Macleod (in a lively article in the Winter 2001 edition of Life Writing from Brock House. “Dr. Norman Watt, a UBC professor . . . while visiting an antique store in New York City in 1969 came upon an oil painting which he immediately labelled ‘The World's Worst Oil Painting.’ The owner sold it to him for $5.00. When Dr. Watt returned to Vancouver he showed it to his friend William Goodacre. Together they decided to visit flea markets, garage sales and second-hand stores and build up a collection, agreeing that they would pay no more than $5.00 for any one purchase. In time they persuaded Doug Mowat, then the Executive Director of the British Columbia Paraplegic Foundation, to sponsor an exhibition. The 24th Annual Exhibition and Auction of the World's Worst Oil Paintings was held in November, 2000 at the Vancouver Convention and Exhibition Centre. To date this project has raised $600,000 for the Paraplegic Foundation.” Memorial to Frank Rivers, a 20-foot totem pole carved by Stan Joseph, was placed at the Mosquito Creek Marina. Rivers, the marina's first manager, died in 1976. The Civil-Mechanical Building opened at UBC. Capilano College established a regional campus in Sechelt. UBC’s W.H. New succeeded George Woodcock as editor of Canadian Literature. He will serve as editor to 1995. The book The Langley story illustrated: an early history of the municipality of Langley by Donald E. Waite appeared. The book The enterprising Mr. Moody, the bumptious Captain Stamp: the lives and colourful times of Vancouver's lumber pioneers by James Morton appeared. The book Vancouver’s First Century appeared. It was prepared by Anne Kloppenborg, with assistance from her Urban Reader colleagues, Alice Niwinski and Eve Johnson. More than 300 photos and advertisements from the city’s past were complemented with excerpts from newspapers and memoirs, with an introductory essay by the late David Brock. It was a terrific book, still one of the best in the field. Supplementary and updated versions would appear in 1985 and 1991, retitled Vancouver: A City Album. The book Kids! Kids! Kids! And Vancouver! appeared. Authors of this very successful guide book featuring activities and attractions for kids in Greater Vancouver were Daniel Wood and Chuck Davis. Wood did virtually all of the writing, and authored later editions and offshoots of the original title. Whitecap Books of North Vancouver was incorporated. They are publishers of scenic and natural history books, regional guides, gardening, history and children's non-fiction. A number of local publications debuted in 1977. They included: British Columbia Curling News, a bi-monthly out of Langley. Chamber Comment and the Chamber Newsbulletin, a free monthly publication from the British Columbia Chamber of Commerce. Good Friends, a monthly publication of the Vancouver Canada-China Friendship Association, featuring suggestions for trips and features about the People's Republic of China. Outdoor Report, a quarterly from the Outdoor Recreation Council of B.C. It contained informative accounts of developments in outdoor recreation of interest to the Council's members as well as elected officials, recreation managers, media and public libraries. Seniors Choice, a monthly publication in Langley. WCEL News, a biweekly newsletter from the West Coast Environmental Law Research Foundation. Working Teacher, a quarterly from the Working Teacher Educational Society. Michael Walsh describes two locally-made 1977 movies: In the film Greenpeace—Voyages To Save The Whales (directed by Michael Chechik, Fred Easton and Ron Precious) Don Francks narrated the story of the good ship Phyllis Cormack and its crew of Vancouver environmentalists as they faced down Soviet whalers on the high seas, an encounter captured by Simon Fraser Film Workshop alumni. La Menace [aka Flashback. Directed by Alain Corneau) A co-production with France, this mystery-thriller ends with Vancouver truckers chasing a suspected killer (Yves Montand), a man on the run from his violent past in Europe. Jack Harman created the bronze Bust of Charles Bentall, at 595 Burrard (Bentall Building). Bentall founded Dominion Construction Co. Dr. Masajiro Miyazaki was awarded the Order of Canada. His citation reads: “Retired osteopath who, over a period of 35 years, has given unselfish service to the residents of Lillooet, British Columbia, particularly those of Japanese and Indian backgrounds and who continues to serve his community in spite of ill health.” His connection to Vancouver goes back to his arrival from Japan on June 29, 1913 at the age of 13. As a UBC student, he took part in the Great Trek (Oct. 22, 1922). Miyazaki practised medicine in Vancouver until 1942 internment in Bridge River-Lillooet area. He served as doctor for 1,000 internees. In 1945, Lillooet petitioned for his release to replace its deceased doctor. See his My Sixty Years in Canada (1973). Burnaby Hospital opened a $29.4 million acute care facility with 422 beds. Health Minister Robert McClelland broke ground at 28th Avenue and Oak Street for the new Childrens Hospital. The British Columbia Women's Hospital and Health Centre, at 4490 Oak Street, celebrated its 100,000th birth. Dr. David Boyes, a Vancouver obstetrician and gynecologist turned cancer researcher, was appointed executive director of the BC Cancer Agency. He will serve for 10 years. He became a widely-honored world authority and advisor to nations on cytology screening programs and chairman of advisory groups including the Medical Ethics Committee to the B.C. government and the False Creek Toxic Waste Cleanup Committee. Norm Jewison, who was born in England in 1943 and grew up in Montreal, moved to Vancouver to become public relations director for the Vancouver Canucks. A mountain in the Rivers Inlet area was named for Jack Manzo Nagano, a pioneer Japanese immigrant, in honor of the Japanese Canadian centennial. Nagano worked as a cabin boy from Nagasaki to New Westminster on a British ship, arriving in 1877 as the first Japanese immigrant in B.C. and possibly in Canada. North Vancouver’s historic Church of St. John the Evangelist was converted to a recital hall named for arts advocate Anne Macdonald. White Rock bought its famous pier from the federal government for $1. They put in new pilings to strengthen the pier. The feds still own the end of the wharf, and are responsible for maintenance of the breakwater installed in 1953. A Vancouver-based CBC-TV series called Leo and Me premiered. The young star of the show was Edmonton-born (June 9, 1961) Michael J. Fox, a student at Burnaby Central Senior High School, who was 15 and looked 12. Another star of the series: Brent Carver, 25, who was Leo. The Vancouver Pound sold and recorded a record number of dog-licence tags: almost 25,000. The main building at Rainbow Lodge at Whistler burned down after 63 years of operation. Samuel McCleery's 1891 farmhouse at 2510 South West Marine was demolished. [caption id="attachment_9230" align="alignleft" width="340" caption="Granville Island in 1980. Photo courtesy of Vancouver Archives. Item # CVA 780-784."]Granville Island in 1980. Photo courtesy of Vancouver Archives. Item # CVA 780-784.[/caption] The federal government, which had bought (through Central Mortgage and Housing Corp.) all of Granville Island in 1973, bought out all the island’s leases and now owned the land and everything on it. The redevelopment of Granville Island was launched. Elsewhere On May 25, 1977 the movie Star Wars premiered in the US. TIME lists this as one of 80 days since the mag began (1923) that changed the world. On August 16 Elvis Presley died. *** Chuck Davis is a Vancouver writer who has written, co-written, or edited 15 books. Most of them are on local history, and he describes his next book, The History of Metropolitan Vancouver, as the capstone of his career.

A Year in Five Minutes: Vancouver 1976

July 4, 2010

[caption id="attachment_9141" align="alignleft" width="290" caption="The 1000 block of Robson Street in February, 1976. Item # CVA 780-406."]archives_1976_robsonstreet[/caption] In 1976, ICBC rates skyrocketed, the Museum of Anthropology got a new home and an earthquake rocked the area. By Chuck Davis, The History of Vancouver Photos courtesy of Vancouver Archives Laing Bridge On May 15, 1976 the Arthur Laing Bridge officially opened, named after a native son of Richmond who became a cabinet minister under Pierre Trudeau, then later a Senator. The $23 million four-lane bridge, which crosses the north arm of the Fraser to Sea Island, vastly speeded up access to the Vancouver International Airport. It reduced the distance from downtown to the airport by more than three kilometres. Traffic had started using the bridge August 27, 1975, but the official opening was May 15, 1976. It’s 1,676 metres (one mile) in total length, and more than 90,000 vehicles use it daily. London Drugs We love this story. In 1976 Tong Louie, head of H.Y. Louie Co. Limited, bought London Drugs—which was, at the time, owned by an American company, the Daylin Corporation. Tong’s competition for the purchase was the American firm Payless. They held the option to buy the chain, but were being thwarted by Canadian federal regulations forbidding foreign companies taking over Canadian companies without having a Canadian partner. In 1976 Payless came to Vancouver looking for just such a partner. From a fascinating 2003 book titled Laws of Heaven by Eve Rockett, the story of the H.Y. Louie Company, we learn that the search came down to two contenders: H.Y. Louie and eastern-based Shoppers Drug Mart. “Tong, Payless and the lawyers gathered in the offices of Bull Housser & Tupper in the Royal Centre downtown,” Rockett writes. “‘I’m not used to having partners,’ said Tong. ‘What do you want for the option?’ The price for the stores was $9 million; for the option they wanted $500,000 US. ‘His accountant and his lawyer warned him in no uncertain terms that there had been no due diligence,’ says Brandt. ‘My father puffed on his pipe and thought about it for 30 seconds, and extended his hand. ‘Okay,’ he said, ‘it’s a deal.’ From the moment they all sat down until they shook hands, the meeting took 20 minutes.’ “A Payless representative spoke up. ‘You’re a private company, we don’t know anything about you. We have to look at your financial statements to vouch you’ll go through with the deal.’ Tong phoned the Royal Bank on the 36th floor and told them to come down with a comfort letter and a bank draft for half a million dollars. He handed over the comfort letter and the cheque, the lawyers drafted a document and Tong walked out. “In about half an hour, Tong Louie had brought London Drugs home to Canada.” TRIUMF On February 9 Prime Minister Trudeau officially commissioned the TRIUMF (Tri-University Meson Facility) nuclear accelerator at the University of British Columbia. Check A Year in Five Minutes: Vancouver 1972 for more detail on this important facility, in the forefront of, among many other things, medical research. CKVU Writes Lee Bacchus: “A former CBC producer/director named Daryl Duke and his partner, writer/producer Norman Klenman, created CKVU, a small independent station on West Second Avenue in Vancouver. Their flagship program was a five-day-a-week, live talk and entertainment potpourri called The Vancouver Show. CKVU kicked off its broadcast on September 5, 1976 with the two-hour program with hosts Mike Winlaw (a former host of CBUT's Hourglass) and Pia Shandel (a local actor).” This was Vancouver's second privately-owned television station. It’s now Citytv. [caption id="attachment_9140" align="alignright" width="219" caption="Joe Fortes, circa 1905. Item # CVA 677-440."]archives_1976_joefortes[/caption] Joe Fortes Library On May 20, 1976 the Joe Fortes Branch of the Vancouver Public Library—named for the beloved English Bay life guard—opened at 870 Denman Street in the West End. Habitat Habitat, a United Nations Conference on Human Settlements, convened in Vancouver May 27. Hundreds of delegates attended from all over the world. The event ran to June 11, and produced the Vancouver Declaration on Human Settlements. Here’s a sample: “Governments and the international community should facilitate the transfer of relevant technology and experience and should encourage and assist the creation of endogenous technology better suited to the sociocultural characteristics and patterns of population by means of bilateral or multilateral agreements having regard to the sovereignty and interest of the participating States. The knowledge and experience accumulated on the subject of human settlements should be available to all countries. Research and academic institutions should contribute more fully to this effort by giving greater attention to human settlements problems.” Words to make the pulse race. An alternative—and hugely popular—conference, Habitat Forum, run by Alan Clapp, was held at Jericho Beach Park. There was music and entertainment and talk and the world’s longest bar. The book Two Weeks in Vancouver, by Chuck Davis and John Ewing, appeared. This was a small guidebook to the city intended for use by Habitat delegates. The book also appeared in French and Spanish translation. Cloverdale Raceway Cloverdale Raceway opened January 1, and quickly became one of the premier harness racing centres in North America. In 1996, it would undergo about $3 million in renovations and be renamed Fraser Downs. Auto Insurance Rates On January 2, 1976 the Social Credit government ordered that auto insurance rates in BC be increased by as much as three times current rates, starting March 1. ICBC chief Pat McGeer told motorists that, if they couldn’t afford the new rates, they should sell their cars. That warm, sympathetic advice prompted the overnight appearance of bumper stickers everywhere reading Stick it in Your Ear, McGeer. MOA On May 31 UBC's Museum of Anthropology, around since 1947, moved into a stunning new building designed by Arthur Erickson. MOA was founded to preserve and display existing material, while continuing to collect archaeological and ethnographical artifacts from British Columbia and the rest of the world. (UBC had been collecting ethnographic material since 1927.) For almost 50 years, the collection remained in the basement of the Main Library, tended by a devoted Dr. Harry Hawthorn and Audrey Hawthorn. In 1976, the collection came out of the basement and moved into its 70,000-square-foot home on the bluffs of Point Grey overlooking Howe Sound and the mountains. The first director was Dr. Michael Ames, a Professor in the department of Anthropology and Sociology. The Museum was a gift from the federal government to the people of B.C., to celebrate the 100th anniversary of B.C. entering Confederation in 1871. The entrance area features a dramatic sculpture, Raven and the First Men, by Haida artist Bill Reid (commissioned by the Museum in 1980). The Museum has the world's largest collection of works by Reid. Four Seasons The 93-metre high, 24-storey Four Seasons Hotel at 791 W. Georgia officially opened April 23 with a benefit to raise funds for the Vancouver Symphony Orchestra. Earthquake! On May 16 an earthquake jolted southwestern BC and adjacent Washington State, a 5.3 Richter-scale fracture 70 kilometres below Pender Island. “It knocked people from their beds in White Rock, cut electrical services in Richmond and South Vancouver, and on the Sechelt Peninsula, and sent residents of West End highrises screaming into the halls as the building swayed for 30 seconds.” This is also the year the Pacific Geoscience Centre was created. [caption id="attachment_9139" align="alignleft" width="239" caption="The Marine Building and the Hotel Vancouver, photographed in 1955. Both buildings were designated as Heritage Buildings in 1976. Item # Bu P508.100"]archives_1976_hotelmarine[/caption] In March the following structures were designated Schedule A Heritage Buildings by the City of Vancouver. (Years of construction/modifications in parentheses). Beatty Street Drill Hall (1899-1901) 620 Beatty James England House (1907) 2300 Birch Marine Building (1920-30) 355 Burrard Hotel Vancouver (1929-39) 900 West Georgia Sylvia Hotel (1911-12) 1154 Gilford Vancouver Block (1912) 736 Granville Winch Building (1909) 757 West Hastings BC Permanent Loan (1907) 330 West Pender Canada Permanent (1911) 432 Richards Hodson Manor (1894 & 1903) 1254 West 7th Steamboat House (1890) 1151 West 8th Davis House (1891) 166 West 10th City Hall (1936) 453 West 12th In December the following structures were designated Schedule A Heritage Buildings. Alexandra Park Bandstand (1915) Beach Avenue at Burnaby St. Paul's Church (1905) 1138 Jervis First Baptist Church (1911) 969 Burrard Strathcona School, Nos. 2, 3, 4, & 5 (1897) 594 East Pender Roedde House (1893) 1415 Barclay Vancouver Club (1912-14) Ukrainian Orthodox Church (1950) 154 East 10th Hirshfield House (1910) 1963 Comox The following structures were designated Schedule B Heritage Buildings. Chalmers Church (1912) 2801 Hemlock Douglas Lodge (1907) 2799 Granville St. Luke's Home (1924) 309 East Cordova Palms Hotel (1890 & 1913) 869-873 Granville Bank of Commerce (1929) 819 Granville Hudson's Bay Insurance Co. (1911) 900 West Hastings The West Vancouver Aquatic Centre opened April 3 at 776 22nd Street. It has a pool, weight room, sauna, Jacuzzi, children’s pool, etc. The Komagata Maru Incident, a play by Sharon Pollock, opened May 18 at the Playhouse Theatre. The Literary Encyclopedia has this to say about the play: “The Komagata Maru Incident, first produced by the Vancouver Playhouse in 1976 under Larry Lillo’s direction, secured Pollock’s position as an important playwright. It draws on an actual event—the government’s refusal in 1914 to allow Sikh immigrants to land on Canadian soil—for its story, but it stages that story in a highly theatrical, presentational style developed through the metaphors of a brothel and a circus with a ringmaster-cum-barker called ‘T.S.’ (short for The System).” The Canadian Encyclopedia has good detailed coverage of Vancouver’s Community Music School (which became the Vancouver Academy of Music in 1979). A portion of it reads: “Founded in 1969 as the result of a five-year study of Vancouver's expanding needs by the non-profit Community Arts Council. Situated at first on West 12th Ave, the school moved in May 1976 to the Music Centre in Vanier Park, a former RCAF warehouse, reconstructed at a cost of $1.8 million. The centre comprises classrooms, practice studios, a library, rehearsal rooms for orchestra and choir, 36 teaching studios, and the 284-seat Koerner Recital Hall.” The first Greek Days Festival was held June 27 on West Broadway, sponsored by the Hellenic Community Association. Black Top Taxi bowed to the B.C. Human Rights Branch and on July 21 lifted a 9 p.m. ban on woman drivers that had been contested by owner-operator Terry Bellamy, a mother of three who needed to work nights. Vancouver's Greg Joy won Olympic silver in the high jump August 1, 1976. On September 7 B.C. Tel began direct distance dialing overseas. To mark the occasion Vancouver’s mayor Art Phillips phoned the mayor of King’s Lynn in England, the birthplace of Capt. George Vancouver. The old Central School/City Hall building in North Vancouver opened September 12 as Presentation House, housing the North Shore Museum and Archives, a small theatre, and a photographic gallery. On September 17 occurred the official opening of the UBC Law Building. CBUFT/26 (cable 7) signed on at 9:30 a.m. September 27, bringing CBC-TV's French language service to the west coast. In the fall of 1976 Douglas College opened a Richmond campus, at 5840 Cedarbridge Way, a converted warehouse. Six women were ordained as Anglican priests in Canada on November 30, two of them in B.C. Nearly 1,000 people jammed into Vancouver's 800-seat Christ Church Cathedral to witness the ordination of the Rev. Virginia Briant and the Rev. Elspeth Alley. Anglican Archbishop David Somerville officiated at the ceremony, which also saw the Rev. Michael Deck become a priest. During the ceremony, the rector at St. David's parish read a protest against the ordination of the two women, saying it was a “sponge [sic] to women's lib.” The BC Paraplegic Foundation was incorporated December 6. Grouse Mountain Resorts’ “Superskyride" was opened December 15 by Premier Bill Bennett, more than doubling the uphill capacity. It was 10 years to the day since his father, Premier W.A.C. Bennett, had opened the first Grouse Mountain skyride. The Vancouver Book appeared in 1976. This was an “urban almanac,” conceived and edited by Chuck Davis. It was just under 500 pages long, commissioned by the Social Planning Department of the City of Vancouver, and had dozens of articles by local writers and others on the city’s history, neighborhoods, environment, architecture, government, ethnic groups, media, transportation and more. The Greater Vancouver Book (1997), also edited by Davis, was an expansion of the original notion. The local book-publishing trade began to make an impression. In 1976 The Vancouver Book listed more than 35 local book publishers with an annual total of 100 new titles, including books on poetry, yoga, metric conversion, educational, medical and music textbooks. The book Gabby, Ernie and Me, by Ted Ashlee, appeared, an anecdotal reminiscence of the author’s early life in Marpole. The book Woodwards: the story of a distinguished B.C. family appeared. Written by Douglas E. Harker, it’s a history of the famed retailing family. These publications first appeared in 1976: Association for Canadian Theatre Research: Newsletter, a semi-annual publication of the Association for Canadian Theatre Research. B C Journal of Special Education. It was published three times a year by the Special Education Association, Dept. of Educational Psychology and Special Education, UBC. The publication was devoted to reviews of research, case studies, surveys, and reports on the effectiveness of innovative programs Copper Toadstool, a semi-annual literary magazine. Multifaith News, published five times a year by the Multifaith Action Society, this was an inter-faith publication aimed at promoting understanding between different faith groups. Music Research News. This was a semi-annual publication of the Canadian Music Research Council, c/o Simon Fraser University. Other Press, a free fortnightly student newspaper out of Douglas College in New Westminster. TV Week, a weekly magazine with listings and television-related features. The Outdoor Recreation Council of B.C. was established. It is a registered non-profit umbrella organization dedicated to promoting outdoor recreation in B.C. Artist Robert Bateman retired in 1976 after 20 years of teaching high school geography and art to paint full time. He was, he says, inspired by the work of American painter Andrew Wyeth. And what does Salt Spring Island’s most well-known resident, renowned for his wildlife paintings, think of critics who say his work isn’t real art? “My view of all this is that an artist is an artist, be he/she high, low or decorative. Artists are artists because they can't help it—they just are and they do art for the love of it or because they can't stop themselves.” He’s raised millions for naturalist and conservation organizations. There’s lots of his work viewable on the Net. After the Vancouver Stock Exchange’s worst year in more than a decade (1975, with just 190 million shares traded), the VSE got a new president, tough-minded securities lawyer Robert Scott. In their critical 1987 book on the VSE, Fleecing The Lamb, David Cruise and Alison Griffiths wrote that Scott “created new regulations and saw to it that the old ones were enforced.” The building at Main Street and East 15th in Vancouver, erected in 1914, was originally Postal Station C. Later it became a federal Department of Agriculture office block, then sat empty for three years. Then in 1965 it was occupied by a special investigation branch of the RCMP . . . who moved out in 1976. Today the building is known as Heritage Hall. The 198-metre-high (650 feet) Mica Dam on the Columbia River added 870,000 kilowatts to the B.C. Hydro power system. The first two dams on the Columbia had been completed in 1967 (Duncan) and 1968 (Hugh Keenlyside). BC Ferries launched three double-ended “jumbo ferries.” The Richmond Nature Park opened. It was intended to preserve the last remaining section of Burns Bog. Richmond’s web site says, in part, “The Richmond Nature Park consists of 200 acres of the raised peat bog habitat that once covered large portions of Lulu Island. Four walking trails totalling 7 km in length provide visitors the opportunity to encounter plants and animals in bog, forest and pond habitats.” Whistler got its own post office. Architect Arthur Erickson won a Citation from the Canadian Architect Yearbook for the British Columbia Medical Centre. The 10-storey 35-metre-high B.C. Turf Building was constructed. Its architect was Zoltan Kiss. It’s known today simply as 475 West Georgia. The owners and management of the Penthouse Cabaret on Seymour were charged with keeping a common bawdy house. The Penthouse Six, as they became known, included Joe Philliponi, a celebrated cabaret figure. It was alleged that 80 to 100 prostitutes a night would pick up clients at the nightspot. “The trial,” wrote Greg Middleton of the Province, “was a sensation. There were undercover tapes, liquor inspectors on the take . . . During the trial, Philliponi pleaded for leniency, claiming it ‘would kill my mother.’ The trial regaled packed courtrooms for months, before all six finally walked free after successfully appealing the conviction.” In 1983 Joe Philliponi would be shot dead during a robbery. The landfill in Langley City was closed. It was full. A study showed that 63.9 per cent of B.C.’s native population lived on reserves. Today it’s less than 50 per cent and dropping. George Athans, Jr., who had won the world crown for water-skiing in 1973 at Bogota, was inducted into the B.C. Sports Hall of Fame. A north wing was added to UBC’s Biological Sciences Building (Botany, Zoology, Oceanography and Microbiology). An addition including the main lecture hall, faculty offices, a lounge and a library of more than 200,000 volumes, was added to UBC’s George F. Curtis Building (Law). A censure of SFU by the Canadian Association of University Teachers (for alleged interference in academic affairs by the university’s Board of Governors), in place since 1970, was removed. The B.C. Children’s Hospital chose its location: 4480 Oak Street. Jack Short, about 68, BC’s famous racing broadcaster (“Adios, amigos!”), wrapped up his race-calling career nicely: he was named BC’s Broadcast Performer of the Year. Two major local firms, Benndorf Office Equipment and Verster Business Machines, merged to become Benndorf Verster. Today the company is known as Ikon Office Solutions. The CBC produced a film, Between the Sky and the Splinters, a look at poet Peter Trower. The title is taken from Trower’s 1974 poetry collection. The film The Keeper (director Tom Drake) was released. “In this tongue-in-cheek look at institutional bedlam,” writes Michael Walsh, “it's hard to tell the patients from the administrator (Christopher Lee) of the Underwood Asylum.” The cast included a 12-year-old Ian Tracey. The film Shadow Of The Hawk (director George McCowan) was released. The Vancouver grandson (Jan-Michael Vincent) of a tribal shaman (Chief Dan George) is summoned to his ancestral home to deal with a demonic entity. The cast includes Pia Shandel. The film Food Of The Gods (director Bert I. Gordon) was released. When growth hormones from outer space turn Bowen Island rats into monster rodents, writes Michael Walsh, a vacationing B.C. Lion (Marjoe Gortner) calls the plays like a professional exterminator. Choreographer Judith Marcuse, born in Montreal in 1947, moved to Vancouver after dancing in modern and classical companies in Europe, Israel and North America. She would launch her own company in 1980. The Terminal City Dance company was launched. This was a company, writes Max Wyman, with “long-term significance for movement-making in Vancouver . . . A product of a collaboration between (initially) two former Garland students, Karen Rimmer and Savannah Walling, and (eventually) three other dancers, its focus was experiment and exploration.” The ensemble would break up in 1983. A 40-foot-tall pole titled Myth of the Bear People, carved by Chief William Jeffrey, was placed at the West Van Aquatic Centre. Canada Geese in Flight, a fibreglass sculpture by Robert Dow Reid, was installed at 700 West Pender. Horse, an abstract bronze sculpture by Jack Harman, was placed at 475 West Georgia. “This,” writes Elizabeth Godley, “is one of the few of Harman's sculptures that he did not cast himself.” It would be removed and replaced in 2000 by Royal Sweet Diamond (a bull) by Joe Fafard. *** Chuck Davis is a Vancouver writer who has written, co-written, or edited 15 books. Most of them are on local history, and he describes his next book, The History of Metropolitan Vancouver, as the capstone of his career.

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